Act vs Regulation
Every country has a legislative body that is responsible for making laws applicable to all citizens of the country or to particular sections of the society and they have to follow it to prevent penalties or severe sentences. Act and regulation are two legal words that we keep hearing in media and also read about them in newspapers very frequently without understanding the finer details between these two terms. There are many who thing that an act and a regulation are same and interchangeable. However, this is not correct and this article will highlight the differences between an act and a regulation in easy terms.
The term legislation applies to acts of parliament as well as subordinate or delegated legislation made under acts of parliament. Members of parliament are known as legislators and they are the people who make laws. Collectively, legislators, whether they belong to ruling party or opposition, constitute a legislature which is the body that makes and passes laws.
An act is a Bill that has been enacted by parliament and given a nod by the President. An Act is a public document and is open for all to se (after all, it applies on all citizens, so they have a right to know all about it and its provisions). An Act is essentially rules and regulations, the provisions containing statements that are designed to give effect to a particular policy. An Act may be of public importance or it may deal with matters pertaining to national security.
On the other hand, regulations are subordinate legislation that are found associated with most of the Acts. Acts contain a section at the end that provides general regulations regarding the application of the act in different situations. Regulations provide a lot more detail about a statute or Act. Regulations comply with the conditions set out under the Act. They are consistent with the purpose and intent of the principal Act. Regulations are based upon the Act and they make it easier for people to follow an Act.
To make the difference between an Act and a regulation easier for a common man, while everyone is aware of the Act known as DUI (driving Under Influence), not many are aware of all the detailed provisions of the acts that are known as regulations. It is these regulations that define how the act is going to be applicable under different circumstances.