Difference Between Adjectives and Adverbs

Adjectives vs Adverbs

Adjectives and Adverbs are two parts of speech used in the English language differently. Adjective is a word that qualifies a noun whereas adverb is a word that describes a verb. This is the main difference between adjectives and adverbs.

The usage of adjectives is considered very important in the English language. As an adjective, a word should qualify the noun it describes. For example if the noun is a rose, then the adjectives that describe the rose can be red or white. Hence the expressions are ‘a red rose’ or ‘a white rose’. In both the expressions you will find that the words red and white qualify the rose that they describe.

It is very important to know that an adjective should closely follow the noun which it qualifies. It is a very important grammar rule. It need not take the same number of the noun which it qualifies. For example if the adjective red qualifies the noun rose in plural then it is enough to use the expression ‘red roses’ instead of ‘reds roses’. English in this aspect differs from several other Indo-European languages in which the adjective should follow the noun in number and gender too.

The adverb is a part of speech that is used to describe an action or a verb. Let us look at these examples

1. She ran fast.

2. He spoke intelligently.

3. He is writing the letter slowly.

In all the three sentences given above you can find that the adverbs ‘fast’, ‘intelligently’ and ‘slowly’ describe the verbs ‘ran’, ‘spoke’ and ‘writing’ respectively. Sometimes adverbs don the role of adjectives too as in sentences

1. He gave a fast reply

2. He gave a brilliant answer.

In both the sentences given above you can see that the adverbs ‘fast’ and ‘brilliant’ don the role of adjectives.