Afghanistan vs Pakistan
Afghanistan is a mountainous country in south-central Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and China. The country occupies a total area of about 251,772 square miles. Pakistan on the other hand is a country in South Asia. It occupies a total area of about 307,374 square miles. It is bordered by Afghanistan, Iran, India and China. It is interesting to note that Pakistan is characterized by a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman.
Islam is the religion followed in Afghanistan. Apart from Muslim community, Hindus and Sikhs also lived in different cities of the country till the mid-1980s. Afghanistan had a minor Jewish community too that migrated to Israel later. On the other hand Pakistan was the seat of several ancient cultures including the bronze era Indus Valley Civilization. Vedic, Persian, Turco-Mongol, Islamic and Sikh cultures too prevailed in Pakistan. Islam is the principal religion followed in the country of Pakistan.
Pakistan gained independence from the British Empire in 1947. Afghanistan attained independence in the year 1919. The Treaty of Rawalpindi was signed at that time. The climate in Pakistan is both tropical and temperate. Rainfall varies from year to year. Climate in Afghanistan is characterized by dry hot summers and severe winters. Winters are pretty cold in Afghanistan.
The economy of Afghanistan is propelled by the production of grapes, apricots, pomegranates, melons and several other dry fruits as well. The rug weaving industry has grown up considerably and hence the Afghan rugs are said to be very popular. Sixteen new banks have opened in the country in 2003 including Kabul Bank, Azizi Bank and Afghanistan International Bank.
Pakistan is characterized by the semi-industrialized economy. Islamabad Stock Exchange has contributed a great deal to the economic growth of Pakistan. Pakistan is known for its quality educational institutions. There are currently 730 technical and vocational institutions in the country. Afghanistan is home to one of the popular medical universities called the Kabul Medical University.
Afghanistan displays pride in their culture, religion and ancestry. Buzkashi is a national sport in the country. It is quite similar to polo. Afghanistan is the seat for classical Persian poetry. Pakistan is a seat of culture and arts. Pakistani music is characterized by variety. Qawwali and Ghazal singing are quite popular in the country.