Army vs Navy
Can you compare your left hand with your right hand whether you are a left hander or a right hander? A majority of tasks require use of both hands and you cannot say one is superior to other. Same is the case with army and navy which are integral parts of a military. Unless a country is landlocked and does not require a navy to safeguard its territorial waters, a navy forms a vital cog in safety and integrity of the country. Let us find out the differences between army and navy in this article.
The word army comes from Greek armata meaning armed forces. In fact, in ancient times or as late as Roman Empire, the concept of an army was all that was there to describe the power of a state. It was army alone that was responsible to oversee the safety and security of a territory, and it was only much later that the concept of a separate force to look after maritime security of a nation began to take shape. It was of prime importance for a country having a large coastal area to safeguard its waters from any enemy move from the waters, and creation of a sub unit in armed forces, dedicated to safety on water front meant lesser responsibility and thus more efficiency of army.
The rules and designs of a war have changed completely with time, and the traditional concept of charging ahead with infantry is a concept of a bygone era. Wars today are fought more in minds than on paper or actual battlefronts. Perhaps, more important than modern weapons and a large military today, is a perpetual state of readiness and ability to launch a surprise attack on all fronts. No one can forget how Japan surprised US during the World War II with a brutal attack on Pearl Harbor, though US retaliated by bombing the cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. It was only after Pearl Harbor incident that US realized the importance of safeguarding its territorial waters and deployed a strong navy for the purpose.
Talking of differences, a navy is as helpful in diverting the attention of enemy as an army. Strikes deep inside a country are possible with the help of a navy much more easily without coming to notice of the enemy. In a similar manner, what an army finds difficult can be easily achieved with the help of a trained navy. Maritime security of a country is perhaps more significant today than its territorial integrity as terrorists and other subversive elements find it easier to strike targets inside a country through naval route than striking after coming inside the country. Thus, for countries like US and India, maintaining a powerful navy is perhaps even more significant than spending more and more on army alone. Another menace for countries having a long coastline is pirates that have been asking for ransom from countries in lieu of their cargo vessels and crew that these pirate hold hostage. It is naval force of a country that comes handy in these situations.