Bhangar vs Khadar
Bhangar and Khadar! odd sounding words, aren’t they? These are actually names of soils found in parts of India and Pakistan. These are alluvial soils found along Gangetic plains are differently named as they exhibit different properties. Those who are in the field of agriculture know the differences between these two alluvial soils but for the benefit of those who have not studied geography of India in detail, here is a brief explanation of these two different types of soils.
The alluvial soil found in the large part of North India is called Bhangar. This is an old soil which is alluvial in nature and is above the flood levels of the rivers in the region. It is often seen in the structure of a terrace. Bhangar contains many calcareous deposits and also has many kankars within it.
In the plains, the younger deposits are known as Khadar. These are not just younger; they are also more fertile than Bhangar soils. These soils are very good for intensive cultivation. These are also called new alluvial made up of fine granules.
Since the area containing Bhangar stands above flood levels, the soil remains as it is and is thus not very fertile and its character does not change with passage of time. On the other hand, Khadar belongs to area in plains which lies below flood levels of river and because of flood water, this soil gets newer deposits with flood water every year which makes the soil very fertile.
Difference Between Bhangar and Khadar
• Largest part of Northern Plains in India is made up of deposits of old alluvium soils know as Bhangar.
• Bhangar is above the flood levels of rivers and presents a terrace like structure.
• Bhangar is full of kankars and calcareous structures
• Bhangar is not very fertile
• The area in northern plains that lies below flood levels is made up of Khadar which is new alluvium soil
• Khadar is younger alluvium as flood waters deposit new layers every year
• Khadar is very fertile and ideal for intensive cultivation