Cord Blood vs Cord Tissue
Cord is used to name the Umbilical cord. Umbilicus is the structure connecting the placenta and the baby. This is the life line of the baby. During delivery, usually the baby comes first. The placenta and the other tissues expelled within 30 minutes of delivery. Cord blood is used to find out the baby’s blood group for a long time.
Nowadays, cord blood and cord tissues are used to collect mesenchymal stem cells. These cells can be used in stem cell therapy. Cord blood cells have the stems cell, which are more favour to develop as blood cells (red cells and immune cells). The cord tissue taken from umbilical cord has lot of stem cells and connective tissues. These cells can be used in tissue repair.
Bone marrow failure, some type of cancers and organ failures can be treated with stem cells. Spinal cord damage, cartilage damage also can be repaired with this type of cells.
Nowadays lot of researches are going on using the cord tissues.
Cord blood and cord tissue can be saved for future use. The banks collect the cord blood and the cord tissue after the child birth. If cord blood or tissue is not saved, this will be discarded as clinical waste.
Cord blood and cord tissue are rich in mesenchymal stem cells.
The amounts of Stem cells are more in the cord tissue than in the blood.
Cord blood is collected from the blood in the umbilical cord, in contrast the cord tissue is collected from the cord itself.
The cells can be stored in the special tissue banks and can be used to repair the body damages and certain diseases.
As the genetic compound is same in the cord tissue as the body, the immune rejections are unlikely