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Difference Between Eukaryotic Cells and Prokaryotic Cells

Eukaryotic Cells vs Prokaryotic Cells

Cells are an essential part in the formation of every thing that is around us. The composition of the cells can be seen in two kinds; the eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells. The first term of the cells “eu”’ and “pro” means good and before. The second term is for the nucleus. Thus “eukaryotic” means good nucleus having the true nuclei and prokaryotic refers to, before a nucleus. Taking into consideration the features of both, there are a lot of same features. Both have ribosome in them and both are enclosed in plasma membrane with the cytoplasm inside. The deoxyribonucleic acid is same among both of them. Both of them contain the Ribonucleic acid. There chemical structures are same as well. Their life processes are the same as well.

The eukaryotic cells were found in the oldest species of the universe. The cells are enclosed inside the membrane, plasma, cytoplasm, and the true nucleus that makes them apart from the other structures. The eukaryotic cells have been observed in the formation of all the large species around the globe. In these species the cells are divided quite differently from the other substances. Chromosomes are also present in these cells. The eukaryotic cell structures are different in the plants and animals. They are found in the most complex of all substances around us. The eukaryotic cells support the nuclear fusion as well. They have complex photosynthesis and respiratory processes.

The prokaryotic cells do not posses the nucleus in them. They are present in various shapes. They have a hair like structures on their surface. Mainly the bacteria, algae and such tiny substances are formed by this type of cell and they are majorly found in the swamp like liquid areas. They support the nutrient cycles formed by the bacteria. This is to be remembered that the prokaryotes are found even before the eukaryotes. They are known to have single cell structure, but other than that, they are present in double and multi cellular structures as well. Their structures are not as complex as of the eukaryotic cells. They do have an outer surface that keeps them safe. They also carry cytoplasm, plasma membrane, ribosome in them. They do not support reproduction; their production is on the basis of asexually procedures.

It is said that the Prokaryotic cells were found earlier than the Eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells have a different structure than the second one, as they carry nucleus in their structures. The deoxyribonucleic acid of Eukaryotic cells sticks to the nucleus and in Prokaryotic it travels freely. Eukaryotic cells have a very complex structure and it is also noticed that their sizes are ten times larger than the size of the Prokaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cell structures are very simple and smaller in size. All the animals, fungi, plants and even the algae is composed of the Eukaryotic cells but only the formation of the bacteria involves the Prokaryotic type. Their reproduction procedures are different, as the Eukaryotic cells support the nuclear fusion- meiosis, and the second one support the asexual process- the binary fission. Other than these differences, they differ in their cell walls, membranes and cytoplasm structures and their electron transport systems.


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