Evolution vs Revolution
Evolution and Revolution are two words that are often confused due to the appearing similarity in their concepts. Actually, there are some differences between the two words. Evolution refers to the change in the behavior of man over a period of time. It also speaks about the changes in social conditions over a period of time.
Evolution deals with the changes that take place in populations over a period of time. It deals also with the theories that speak about these changes. It is important to note that evolution is based on observations, empirical data and tested hypotheses.
The various theories about the evolution of man are arrived at by an observation of man’s response to social conditions, his behavioral changes over a period of time brought about by the influence of growth in civilization, and the like. This is the crux of the connotation of the word ‘evolution’.
On the other hand, the word ‘revolution’ is derived from the Latin word ‘revolutio’ meaning ‘a turn around’. It consists in fundamental change in organizational structures or political power that takes place in a staggeringly short period of time. This is the major difference between the two words evolution and revolution.
According to Aristotle, there are two types of political revolution and they are complete change from one constitution to another constitution, and modification of an existing constitution. It is indeed true that human history has seen several revolutions over different periods of time.
It is important to know that revolution brings about changes in culture, economy and even socio-political conditions. Sometimes, the word revolution is used to denote changes that take place outside the political arena. There were a number of cultural revolutions and social revolutions too in the past. Philosophical revolutions also shook the world in the times of the past.