Fundamental Rights vs Fundamental Duties
Fundamental rights and Fundamental duties are two terms that appear to be one and the same when it comes to their meaning and concept. Strictly speaking they are not so. They are two different terms that are to be understood differently.
Fundamental rights are rights and freedoms guaranteed by constitutions of some countries of the world to their citizens. These rights have a legal sanction and are enforceable in a court of law. On the other hand fundamental duty is the basic duty or responsibility bestowed on you as a citizen of the country. This is the most important difference between fundamental right and fundamental duty.
A fundamental right exists by virtue of the fact that you are a human being whereas a fundamental duty too exists as a responsibility on you as a human being. Hence the primary difference between fundamental right and fundamental duty is that fundamental right is based on privilege granted to you whereas fundamental duty is based on accountability.
Any citizen for that matter is expected to carry out fundamental duties fully well so that the society as a whole will be benefited. On the other hand any citizen for that matter can make full use of his fundamental rights pertaining to right to life, freedom of speech and writing, etc. It is interesting to note that freedom of speech is a fundamental right granted to a citizen by some of the democratic countries across the globe. Hence it is up to the individual to make use of the fundamental right granted to him.
Fundamental duties of every citizen include basic education, nurturing of children, social responsibility, official responsibility, payment of taxes, adherence to traffic rules and regulations and the like. Evasion of fundamental duties leads a citizen to problems. Abuse of fundamental right also leads a citizen to unwanted problems. These are the differences between fundamental right and fundamental duty.