Gorilla vs Chimpanzee
It is always interesting to look at these primates because of their fascinating behaviours triggered by intelligence. Among all the members of the Kingdom: Animalia, chimpanzees and gorillas come next to humans, in the brain sizes compared to the body. Apart from the brain size, this article discussed some interesting differences of these two endangered animals.
Among all the primates, gorilla is the largest. They range in Central and Western Africa and there are only two species of gorilla, named Western (Gorilla gorilla) and Eastern (Gorilla beringei). Eastern gorilla ranges in some Central African countries viz. Uganda and Rwanda, while Western gorillas range in Cameroon, Nigeria, Angola… etc. their habitat includes tropical to subtropical forests. Adult males are called silver backs, and they are 1.5 – 1.8 meters tall, weigh between 140 and 200 kilograms. Usually, an adult female is about half of the size of a silverback. The structure of the skull demonstrates the characteristic mandibular prognathism, which is the protrusion of mandible farther out than the maxilla. They depend on a herbivorous diet that consists mainly of fruits. The coat colour is dark, which is mostly blackish brown.
Gorillas live in groups called troops and they make their nests on trees. Usually, they have a large brain that weighs about 400 grams and they live a long life, which spans up to about 55 years.
Chimpanzees are the most intelligent in the animal kingdom other than humans as they have the second largest brain compared to the body size. There are two species, Pan troglodytes (Common Chimpanzee) and P. paniscus (Pygmy Chimpanzee). Common Chimpanzee ranges in a relatively larger are in Central and Western Africa than pygmy chimpanzee. Male is about 70 kilograms of weight and about 1.7 metres tall. Usually, females are smaller than males. Chimps have longer forelimbs compared to hind limbs. Their coat is dark, mostly black in colour. Face, fingers, palm and hands have no hair. However, those hairless areas of the body are mostly pink in colour. A Chimpanzee’s ears are large and stick out from the head and which is a distinctive character from other larger primates.
Chimpanzees have large male groups and large female groups called communities. All the chimpanzees are omnivorous in food habits. In the wild, a chimp could live up to 40 years.
What is the difference between Gorilla and Chimpanzee?
- Starting from the body size, gorillas are larger than twice the size of a chimpanzee.
- Both of them are primates and have larger brains.
- However, chimpanzees have the bigger brain and smaller size, which means that they are more intelligent than gorillas.
- Gorillas have prominent arms, chest and thigh muscle mass compared to chimpanzees.
- Chimpanzee face is more pink coloured but gorillas face is black.
- Chimpanzee has larger ears sticking out of the head but gorilla’s ears are small and direct towards back of the head.
- The head, forehead and hump of gorillas are larger, whereas those of chimpanzees are smaller.
- Chimpanzees have a unique habit of curling lips is not prominent among gorillas.
- Feeding habits are different as gorilla is a herbivore, but chimpanzee is an omnivore.
- Lifespan of both animals are comparatively long to many of other animals, but the gorillas live more than chimpanzees.
- The social structures are slightly complex in chimpanzees.
- However, both gorillas and chimpanzees naturally range exclusively in Africa.