Himachal vs Himadri
Himalayas is a mountain range system that is highest in the world and has some of the highest peaks in the world including Mt Everest and K2. This mountain range in Asia separates India from the rest of Asia, which is why India is termed as a subcontinent. The word Himalaya comes from the Sanskrit word of the same name that literally means abode of snow. Himalayas, a source of 3 major river systems of the world, stretch across 6 nations including India, China, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Topographically, Himalaya mountain system is divided into 4 belts that are referred to as Himadri, Himachal, Shivaliks, and Trans Himalayas or Tibetan Himalayas. In this article, we shall concentrate upon Himadri and Himachal that confuse a lot of people.
Himadri is the longest and almost continuous range of mountain peaks that lies on the northern side of Himachal and covers north of Nepal and some parts of Sikkim. This is the belt that is home to the majestic K2 and Mt Everest peaks, and is an area that is perennially covered with snow, and has an average altitude of over 6000 meters (20000 ft). Eight of world’s 14 highest peaks are found in Himadri region. Himadri region is said to be the backbone of the Himalayas. Himadri forms the extreme northern frontiers of the country and encompasses entire Nepal. Himadri is also known as the Great Himalayan Range, Great Himalayas, or Higher Himalayas.
The Lesser Himalayas or the Lower Himalayas are better known as Himachal and forms the in between belt with Himadri on the northern side and Shivaliks on the south. Himachal has a lower altitude than Himadri, and on an average has an altitude of 12000 to 15000 feet. Stretching from Pakistan on the south eastern side, Himachal extends westwards to the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Western Uttar Pradesh, and some parts of Nepal. Peaks found in Himachal are lower than in Himadri, but this region is full of glaciers and passes. Dhaula Dhar, Nag Tibba, Pir Panjal, and mahabharat are some of the high peaks in Himachal. Himachal is full of many fertile valleys.
What is the difference between Himachal and Himadri?
· Topographically Himalayan mountain system is divided into four belts, out of which the two upper most belts are Himadri and Himachal.
· Himadri is the uppermost belt and has 8 of the 14 highest peaks in the world, including Mt Everest and K2.
· Himadri is perennially covered with snow and is home to 3 major river systems of the world. Himadri encompasses the whole of Nepal.
· Just below Himadri lies Himachal belt that stretches from east to west and encompasses Pakistan, Indian states of J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Western UP, and some parts of Nepal.
· Himachal has lower peaks than Himadri and has many beautiful glaciers and fertile valleys.