Difference Between Information and Knowledge

Information vs Knowledge

Information and Knowledge are two words that are often confused as two words that convey the same meaning. Actually they are two different words that convey different meanings. Information is communicative idea or anything that is told. On the other hand knowledge is something that is gained by experience through reading and observation. This is the main difference between information and knowledge.

It is interesting to note that the word ‘information’ is often followed by the prepositions ‘on’ and ‘about’ as in the sentences

1. He got some information about the case.

2. Do you have any information on the subject?

In both the sentences mentioned above the word ‘information’ suggests the meaning of ‘something that has come to be known through communication’.

Knowledge on the other hand is awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a person. It refers to the familiarity of a thing or a fact or a subject. It is interesting to note that the word ‘knowledge’ often is followed by the preposition ‘of’ as in the sentences

1. He has a sound knowledge of the subject.

2. Do you have any knowledge of it?

In both the sentences the use of the word ‘knowledge’ suggests the experiential familiarity or expertise related to a subject or a fact. Sometimes the word ‘knowledge’ is used to refer to a person’s range of perception or knowing information as in the sentence ‘it is not within his knowledge’. In this sentence the use of the word ‘knowledge’ suggests that the truth is not within the range of the person’s knowledge or understanding. Hence the word ‘knowledge’ is sometimes used in the sense of ‘understanding’. It is always true that knowledge is gained only by experience whereas information is gained by communication. These are the differences between information and knowledge.