Irony vs Sarcasm
Irony and sarcasm are both techniques used in communication, either verbal or written, wherein the speakers or the writers express words even if they do not mean them literally. Oftentimes, they mean the exact opposite of what they say or write. Both are used in our daily lives.
Irony is a figure of speech as defined in the English Grammar. The one using it usually does not mean the words literally. Some dictionaries say that irony states the exact opposite of the word used. The types of irony include verbal, dramatic and situational. Take this for example; when one is overdressed for the occasion, you may hear someone say, “Such a nice get-up, way over the top.”
Sarcasm, on the other hand, does not have any other purpose than causing embarrassment and insult. Bullies usually speak sarcastically. Sarcastic words are used to offend the other party, usually directed to a person whom the speaker does not like or hates. Sarcastic words are delivered in not so good tones; usually, the speaker would sound mean and mocking. Sarcasm is usually directed to the person whom the speaker hates.
Difference between Irony and Sarcasm
Comparing these two, one might think that irony is the softer version of sarcasm; actually, irony could be used playfully, and does not need to offend the “victim”. However, sarcasm is used to attack the other person hastily. Even in how one delivers them, you can pinpoint how they differ from each other. Irony is usually delivered as a joke while sarcasm is delivered with a hint of anger. Usually sarcasm is thrown between conflicting parties. Sarcasm is commonly used as an expression of hate towards the other party.
Basically one can use irony to joke around. Sarcasm is a reflection of distaste. Word is a powerful tool; we need to be careful of what we say.
• Irony is gentle while sarcasm is offending and harsh.
• Irony means anything except for the literal meaning of the word, while sarcasm means exactly the opposite of the word.
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