Kosher vs Halal
Halal is a concept that is very popular and known to even non Muslims all over the world. It is about what is fit and proper for Muslims and pervades all aspects of life. In this article, though, we would restrict ourselves to food and what and how Muslims can consume it, especially meats. Not many people know that, like Muslims, there are rules and regulations in Jews too regarding food consumption and similar to Halal, there is a concept called Kosher. There are many similarities between Halal and Kosher, though there are glaring differences that will be discussed in this article.
Both Muslims and Jews avoid eating pork. It is considered Haram, which is the opposite of Halal in Muslims. There are also rules as to how the animal to be consumed is to be slaughtered. There should be no blood inside the animal. It has to be drained out before the animal can be eaten both by Muslims and Jews. Both Kosher and Halal describe the stroke of the knife to be applied to the neck of the animal to give it death in a less painful manner. The process of slaughtering the animal is called Dhabh in Muslims, while the ritual is called Shechita in Jews.
Among Muslims, it is mandatory to remember and pray to the almighty, the Allah, before sacrificing the animal. One, who slaughters, renders ‘Bismillah, Allahu Akbar’ every time before he slaughters an animal. This is nothing but invoking the name of God before the act. This is not a compulsion in case of Shechita, and a Jew just needs to remember the name of God once in a day, and not necessarily before every slaughter.
Dhabh requires one swift move to kill the animal by a man or a woman in Muslims. However, if the hand rises before Dhabh and returns immediately to complete the process, the meat of the animal so slaughtered is still Halal for Muslims. In the case of Shechita, the act has to be one swift and uninterrupted move for the meat to be labeled Kosher.
In Muslims, the entire meat coming from the animal is considered Halal, whereas only the front part of the body is considered Kosher in case of Jews, and the hind portion of the animal is non kosher.
Some animals are allowed to be slaughtered in Islam such as rabbit, hens, goose, or even ducks, while in Judaism, these animals are prohibited.
In Islam, all wines and alcohols are considered Haram as intoxicating substances are prohibited from consumption. On the contrary, wines are considered kosher in Jews.
One fascinating difference pertains to gelatin, and Jews consider all gelatins (whether coming from any animal) as Kosher, whereas in Muslims, if the origin of gelatin is Haram, it is prohibited.
What is the difference between Kosher and Halal?
• Rendering of God’s name is essential in Islam before slaughter, whereas it is not necessary in Judaism
• Jews consider only front part of the animal as kosher, whereas Muslims consider all meat as Halal
• Ducks, hens, goose, and rabbit are called Halal in Islam, while they are prohibited in Judaism
• Alcohol in any form is prohibited in Islam, while it is allowed in Jews