Lok Sabha vs Rajya Sabha
There are a great number of differences between Lok Sabha (House of People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). Lok Sabha is the lower house of the parliament whereas the Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the parliament. There can be a maximum of 552 members in the Lok Sabha whereas the Rajya Sabha can have 250 members.
It is interesting to note that the members of the Lok Sabha are elected on the basis of the recommendations made by the Universal Adult Franchise whereas the members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the legislative assembly of each state through proportional representation.
There can be a few members in the Lok Sabha that can be nominated by the President. In the same way a few members can be nominated by the President when it comes to the membership of the Rajya Sabha as well. The nomination depends on the expertise of these members in the fields of arts, science and literature.
Sports too is considered as a field of expertise on the basis of which the President can nominate someone as the member of either Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha.
The main business of the Lok sabha may be consideration of a Legislative proposals brought in the form of a Bill or financial business such as budget or consideration of a resolution or a motion. A bill to become law under the constitution must be passed by a specific majority by both the Houses of Parliament, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
But on financial business, Lok Sabha has the power to determine the budget of the country whereas Rajya Sabha has no say in the budget of the country. And power can be shown by the Lok Sabha on the ministers in the form of confidence motion, question hour, adjournment motion and other means. Rajya Sabha on the other hand has no power to pass such motions.
The President is endowed with the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha every five years or even before the expiry of the period of five years. Rajya Sabha on the other hand is a permanent body that cannot be subjected to dissolution. A person can be elected to the Lok Sabha after attaining the age of 25 whereas a person can be elected to the Rajya Sabha after attaining the age of 35.
Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
- Lok Sabha is the house of the people, members directly elected by the people, while Rajya Sabha is the federal chamber, a house elected by the elected members of Assemblies of the States and two Union Territories.
- Lok Sabha can have a maximum of 552 members whereas the Rajya Sabha can have 250 members.
- The minimum age to be an elected member of Lok Sabha is 25 whereas it is 35 for Rajya Sabha.
- Rajya Sabha or the Council of States is the second chamber with a restricted franchise. It has no say in the financial matters such as the budget of the country.
- Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to Lok Sabha, they can pass confidence motion, show power in the question hour, pass adjournment motion but Rajya Sabha cannot make or unmake the Government.
- However, a Constitution amendment Bill has to be passed by both Houses by a specific majority.
- Also Rajya Sabha has special powers on the matters under state list. In general terms, the matters under the union list and state list are mutually exclusive, but Rajya Sabha can pass a resolution by two-thirds majority empowering the Lok Sabha to make law on a matter enumerated in the State List, in the national interest.
- The Speaker preside the sittings of the Lok Sabha, while the Vice-President of India ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha presides over Rajya Sabha sittings