Difference Between Marxism and Leninism

Marxism vs Leninism

Marxism and Leninism are two kinds of political thought that show some differences between them when it comes to their ideologies. Marxism is a political thought framed by Karl Marx and this system aims at a state of living where in the society is bereft of the difference between the rich and the poor.

On the other hand Leninism is a kind of political system that practices dictatorship. It is the dictatorship of the proletariat. In other words it can be said that Leninism recommends the dictatorship of the working class. This is one of the main differences between Marxism and Leninism.

Marxism takes the help of history to rewrite the living conditions of the people. It has history as a firm base in forwarding its principles. Marxism is considered by many political experts as a branch of philosophy too. It is firmly believed that communism is born out of Marxism only.

It is important to know that Marxism insists on implementing the theory of its political thought so that others can understand the nuances of it. Unlike Communism it does not believe in practical implementation. In fact it can be said that practical implementation of the theoretical ideas of Marxism led to the formation of Communism.

On the other hand Leninism aims at the implementation of both political and socialist economic theories that have been developed from Marxism. It is thus important to know that Leninism was developed by and was named after the Russian revolutionary and political leader Vladmir Lenin.

The term Leninism came to be used as early as 1922. It was Grigory Zinoviev who popularized Leninism in the year 1924 at the fifth congress of the Communist International otherwise called as Comintem. It was popularized as a word denoting the meaning ‘revolutionary’ by the then leader Grigory Zinoviev.