Middle Ages vs Dark Ages
The period between the Fall of Rome and the Renaissance is often referred to as Middle Age. It is roughly between 400 AD and 1450 AD. It is interesting to note that Middle Ages is divided by the historians into three smaller periods. These smaller periods are the Early Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages and the Late Middle Ages.
The fall of the Roman Empire and the invasion of the Romans by the Germans mark the Early Middle Ages. In fact the Early Middle Ages saw a few other invasions too. Some of these invasions include the invasion of the English by the Angles and the Saxons, northern France by Vikings and the Ostrogoths by the Lombards in Italy.
The High Middle Ages started probably from 1000 AD. One can very well see the formation of England, France and Germany around 1066, after the Norman Conquest. Roman Empire suffered further setback in this period. England and France suffered a lot as a consequence of what is called Hundred Years’ War between them during the late Middle Ages.
The decline of Roman Empire has its bearing on Europe. The intensity of the decline of Roman Empire was felt during what are called as Dark Ages. During Dark Ages, there was a setback in the economic and cultural development in Europe.
Historians use the word Dark Ages to indicate only the Early Middle Ages, when there was a beginning of a decline in the economic and cultural situation in the whole of Europe. Earlier historians fixed the date of Dark Ages between 400 AD and 1500 AD. They feel that the Dark Ages could be the period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance. Hence according to historians there is not much of a difference between the two terms Middle Ages and the Dark Ages.