Difference Between North Korea and South Korea

North Korea vs South Korea

North Korea and South Korea are the two countries that reside in the Korean Peninsula. Originally a single empire, the Korean peninsula was divided into two countries after the WWII when North Korea didn’t participate in election in South Korea which was conducted by United Nations.

North Korea

North Korea’s government type is communist dictatorship in which Kim Jong II acts as the Chief of State since 1994. The largest city in North Korea with population of more than 3 million and serves as the capital is Pyongyang which also means “flat land”. Zinc, iron, ore, gold, and lead are some of the natural resources that can be found in North Korea.

South Korea

After the WWII, South Korea accepted the election which was administered by United nations thus founded the Republic of Korea government. Seoul, which is also the 8th largest city in the world with over 10 million in population, is South Korea’s capital. South Korea’s current president, Lee Myung-bak, is the former city mayor of Seoul. Almost 1/2 of the whole population do not identify themselves with any religion. South Korea’s growth is tremendous; within 4 decades it has grown from a poor country to a hi-tech industrialized economy. Now it’s among the world’s 20 largest economies.

Difference between North Korea and South Korea

The North Korean government is more of a dictatorship type compared to the South’s republican type. The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North) was founded on September 9, 1948 while it’s on August 15, 1945 for the Republic of Korea (South) which is also the day that both North and South Korea gained their independence from Japan. The Supreme Leader of North Korea is Kim Jong II, the son of Kim II-sung who founded the state of North Korea. On the other hand, South Korea’s president, Lee Myung-bak was the former mayor Seoul and the CEO of Hyundai Construction.

Due to the communism in North Korea, human rights are severely violated with reported cases of rape, torture, force labor, and over 200,000 political prisoners. Many North Koreans cross to China in order to avoid oppression and starvation. The CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) regarded South Korea as a fully-functioning modern democratic country.

In brief:

• North Korea’s Supreme Leader, also called as Generalissimo, is Kim Jong II while South Korea’s democratic president is Lee Myung-bak.

• Kim SII-sung founded North Korea on September 9, 1948. On the other hand, the founding of the Republic of Korea by the United Nations was on August 15, 1945 (same day they are liberated from China).

• The capital of North Korea with more than 3 million in population is Pyongyang whereas the capital of South Korea with population over 10 million is Seoul.

• South Korea’s growth is tremendous while North Korea has not shown much growth since independence.

South Korea

Area: 99,720 sq km

Terrain: mostly hills and mountains

Natural Resources: coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower

Population: 48,636,068 (World ranking 26)

Literacy rate: 97.9%

GDP per capita: $28,500 (2009 est)

Unemployment 3.7% (2010 est)

North Korea

Area: 120,538 sq km

Terrain: mostly hills and mountains

Natural Resources: coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower

Population: 22,757,275 (World ranking 50)

Literacy rate: 99%

GDP per capita: 1, 800 (2009 est)

Unemployment: Not available