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Difference Between Plato and Aristotle

Plato vs Aristotle

Plato and Aristotle were two great thinkers and philosophers that differed in the explanation of their philosophical concepts. It is interesting to note that Plato was the teacher of Aristotle, but still the latter differed from the former. Aristotle put a lot of emphasis on the supremacy of observation and the establishment of reality.

Plato, on the other hand, gave more importance to the issue of knowledge. He said that ideas not only for part of the human consciousness, but they are found outside the human consciousness, as well. Plato’s ideas are subjective. On the other hand, Aristotle’s ideas are not subjective.

Plato is a perfect idealist in his philosophy, whereas Aristotle is not an idealist in his philosophy. Substance is the most crucial of the ten categories according to Aristotle. The primary substance is nothing but the individual thing only according to him, whereas Plato sets out a scheme to describe particular things by identifying them according to their characteristics and properties.

Aristotle, on the other hand, tried to develop a universal method of reasoning. He wanted to learn everything about reality. According to Aristotle any individual substance is distinguished from the other substances in a particular category based on features or the characteristics which they inherit. This only proves the fact that substances can be different.

Both Aristotle and Plato differ much when it comes to the aspect of human function. According to Aristotle there are various types of human ends and happiness is the ultimate human end that is fit to pursue. He says that there is a specific function for all human beings. He would say that the function of a person is only related to his role in society. Plato does not accept this view. These are the main differences between Plato and Aristotle.


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