Difference Between Ranger and Green Beret

Ranger vs Green Beret

US Armed Forces have many special operations groups such as the Green Berets and US Army rangers. In fact, both are considered as elite members of US armed forces. They have many operations in common, which is why many people confuse between green berets and army rangers. However, there are many differences between these two elite forces, which will be highlighted in this article.

Of the two special groups, rangers are older and have been serving US army since 17th century, though the modern concept of Rangers was institutionalized only during WW II. US army rangers have performed their special operations in Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan, and Iraq though they have also been sent to deliver in Panama and Grenada.

Green berets are a special operations group in US army, though it is also the name of special cap and badge worn by these soldiers. It can be worn only by those soldiers who have qualified as Special Forces soldiers. The tradition follows one in the British army and continues ever since US soldiers served along with British forces in WW II. In the British army, wearing green berets was a norm, which has continued in US army. The first soldiers to wear Green Beret in US army were the Darby rangers. However, the use of green berets was discontinued, and it was only reinstated in the army as a distinct headgear on 25 September 1961.

If one visits the official website of the green berets, he learns about the unconventional warfare that green berets are trained in. These commandos specialize in stealth raids and ambushes. They are also trained in guerilla warfare, sabotage and subversion. A soldier can apply to become a green beret only after he has served in US army for three years. He then serves a two year training period after which he gets inducted as a green beret in an operational group. Green berets have to undergo training in diplomacy and politics and learn one foreign language.

Army rangers are infantrymen who seem to perform most of the functions of green berets though they are trained more in conventional warfare than guerilla warfare. Some of the duties for rangers are raids, ambushes and airfield seizures. Anyone applying for an enlisting in US army can go for a ranger training that takes one and a half to two years.

What is the difference between Ranger and Green Beret?

• Both army rangers and green berets are Special Forces groups in US army.

• Both are considered elite members of the US armed forces and have specialized functions.

• Green berets have a motto that says To free the oppressed while the motto of rangers is Ranger leads the way.

• Green berets specialize in unconventional warfare and learn about subversion, diplomacy and politics while rangers are light infantry men who specialize in air raids and ambushes.

• Both rangers and green berets have served the interests of US outside the country.