Report vs Essay
Report and Essay are two words used by the common man with almost the same sense. Strictly speaking the sense differs when it comes to the understanding of the purport of the two words.
A report is a summary of an event to be precise. On the other hand an essay is a description of a historical event or a character of a person. Mass communication forms the basis of report writing. On the other hand essay literature forms the basis of essay. In other words it can be said that journalism is the source for writing a report. Literature is the source for writing an essay.
You can write an essay on the use of the figure of speech of metaphor by Shakespeare based on the literature available to you. You will take the help of the available literature to prepare or write the essay. On the other hand you will write a report of an event that took place based on the first hand information available to you. You would have witnessed the event yourself to write the report.
You might not have witnessed what you write in an essay. Hence an essay is said to have been derived from literature whereas report is said to have been derived from journalism or mass communication. Direct experience is involved in report whereas direct experience may not be involved in essay. Poetical expressions are needed in the writing of an essay whereas imagery is not needed in the writing of a report.
In other words it can be said that you will have to be creative while writing an essay. You will have to be descriptive while writing a report. An essay is a literary form whereas a report is a form of journalism. Essays form part of literature whereas reports do not form part of literature.