Difference Between Rome and Greece

Rome vs Greece

Between Rome and Greece there exist many differences as they are two different countries with two different civilizations. However, since Roman civilization came into being after Greek civilization, you can see that Roman civilization has some Greek qualities. For example, look at all the mythologies they share, especially consider the gods. They have different gods, true. However, these gods have similar responsibilities. Also, you will see that for every god in one civilization there is an equal god in the other. For example, Aphrodite is the Goddess of love in Greek mythology. In Roman mythology, it is Venus.

More about Rome

Rome is an ancient civilization that began as an agriculture community before the 10th Century B.C. Roman civilization started by the side of Mediterranean Sea. Rome has emerged as the largest empire of the ancient world. The Rome civilization dominated the South Western and South Eastern areas of Europe with their mastery and absorbed them into the empire. Due to problems of stability from within the empire as well as attacks from outside, Italy, Africa, Hispania, Gaul and Britannia, which formed western portion of the empire, broke into separate kingdoms during the 5th century. Till the time of 286 B.C, what were left of the empire were Greece, Balkans, Syria, Egypt, and Asia Minor. The Roman Empire lost Egypt and Syria at a later stage, and the left remained for another millennium. The civilization of people of Rome is usually termed as classical antiquity. Early Roman civilization contributed to the developments of technology, language, religion, literature, art, government, law, war, and architecture of this empire as well as the Western World. Even today, the Roman Empire’s history is influencing a large portion of the world.

Difference Between Rome and Greece

The forum in Rome

In the present world, Rome is no longer a country or an empire. It is the capital of Italy. Rome is a metropolitan area. It is one of the oldest and continuously occupied cities in Europe. The historic centre of Rome is listed by the UNESCO as a world heritage site. By 2014, the population of Rome was 2, 869, 461.

More about Greece

Greece is the civilization which belongs to the Greek history and is associated with the history of this area of the world. The Greek civilization lasted from the period of 8th Century to 6th Century and then from 146 BC to the mastery of Greece by Roman people, which happened at the end of Battle of Corinth (146 BC). During the time period of 5th century BC to 4th century BC, the flourishing of Classical Greece was seen. Athenian leader at the beginning withheld the attacks from Persia after which Athenian Golden Age came to an end when Athens was defeated by Sparta in the time period of 404 BC.

Greek Culture at its classical stage had a major influence on Roman Empire. This empire had a vision, which was translated to the various parts of Europe as well as the Mediterranean Region. This is the reason for which Classical Greece is thought to be the culture that has provided the basis of the Western Civilization.


Temple of Athena

Greece, unlike Rome, still exists as a country. The capital of Greece is Athens. Official language of Greece is Greek. The population of Greece is 11, 120, 415 as estimated in 2015. The modern Greece has a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic form of government. The President of Greece is Karolos Papoulias (2015).

What is the difference between Rome and Greece?

Though both of the civilizations are actually Mediterranean still they come with differences based on their social class. Both civilizations had different mythology and valued their lives in a different way from each other.

• Greece civilization is older than Roman civilization.

• One of the major differences between these civilizations is that Rome did not make great progress in their time period. Greece, however, started their progress as a nation at the time of 5th century BC.

• Most of the times, it is believed that most of the things which were used by Romans were a part of the Greek Civilization though they were developed and changed according to Roman thinking.

• Both the civilizations believed in the division of their people. Greeks divided the system of their society into categories of slaves, free men, metics, citizens, and women. Roman society consisted of Free Men, Slaves, Patricians, and Plebeians.

• Women, in Greece were considered to have had a position even lower from slave’s position. Roman society held the position of women higher as compared to Greece civilization and they considered women as citizens. However, they did not allow women to vote or preside in political offices.

• Both the civilizations have an influence on the structures and architectures that buildings possess even now. Greek civilization had three styles involved in their architecture, which were Ionic, Corinthian and Doric. Roman architecture has an influence on the Greek architecture, which has included style of Greek architecture in their buildings with the addition of arches and aqueducts in the buildings made by them.

• Unlike Rome, which is currently the capital of Italy, Greece still exists as a country.


Images Courtesy:

  1. The forum in Rome by Maurice (CC BY 2.0)
  2. Temple of Athena by Dennis Jarvis (CC BY-SA 2.0)