Difference Between Rural and Urban

Rural vs Urban
 

There is a marked difference between the terms rural and urban. As words, both rural and urban are adjectives. Rural is an adjective that describes things that have a connection to the countryside. In the same time, urban is an adjective that describes things that have a connection to the town. So, in short, rural and urban are opposite words. It is interesting to note that communities are divided as rural and urban depending upon the concentration of people in the particular community based on the density of the human-established structures there. You would also find a certain number of residents in the particular area.

What does Rural mean?

According to the Oxford English dictionary, rural means ‘in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town.’ Here is an example.

She comes from a rural area in the Northern part of the country.

Here, word rural gives us the idea that her village is situated in the countryside.

The number of residents is less in a rural area. The density of human-established structures is low in the case of a rural area. Villages and hamlets constitute rural areas. It is interesting to note that natural resources develop rapidly in rural areas or, in other words, it can be said that the areas characterized by natural growth of resources flourish into rural areas. Urban areas are subjected to a process called urbanization. Vegetation and fauna available in the areas are made full use of It is important to note that rural areas are totally dependent on natural resources. The big advantage of a rural area is that it is not characterized by environmental perils such as pollution and traffic.

Difference Between Rural and Urban

“She comes from a rural area in the Northern part of the country.”

What does Urban mean?

According to the Oxford English dictionary, urban means ‘in, relating to, or characteristic of a town or city.’ Here is an example.

His urban language was hard for the village-folk to understand.

Sometimes, the same language can be spoken in different ways in the countryside and in towns. So, here the language spoken in the town is hard for the rural people to understand.

The number of residents is increasingly more in an urban area. The density of human-established structures is high in the case of an urban area. Cities and towns constitute urban areas. Urban areas, on the contrary to rural areas, depend heavily on developed agencies and developed urban areas for improvement in various fields such as amenities, education, medical assistance, and water supply. They depend upon government schemes to make advancement in these fields. Urban areas are not totally dependent on natural resources. In fact, they would make full use of the natural resources, if available. If natural resources are not available, then they rely on human findings and inventions in the areas of science and technology for development. Urban areas are troubled by pollution and traffic related problems.

What is the difference between Rural and Urban?

The difference between rural and urban can be summarized in the following manner:

• As words, both rural and urban are adjectives.

• Rural is an adjective that describes things that have a connection to the countryside.

• In the same time, urban is an adjective that describes things that have a connection to the town.

• Rural areas comprise of villages and hamlets, whereas urban areas comprise of cities and towns.

• Rural areas depend totally on natural resources whereas urban areas rely on human findings in the areas of science and technology for development.

• Rural areas are free from problems such as pollution and traffic, unlike urban areas.

• While people in rural areas find ways to provide their needs by themselves people in urban areas depend on the government and other agencies to find and fulfil those needs for them.

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  • Anania Mbuta

    The concept is not well elaborated since there is a big lacuna among developed and less developed countries on the matter concerning rural and urban issues. Real the situation are contrary. Not always urban is depending on science and technology to get their needs. I thing this idea is more dimentional and not shallow as others thing.
    Mbuta Anania T.
    St. Augustine University of Tanzania
    Mtwara Centre.