Science vs Art
It seems so easy and almost natural to believe in the dichotomy of subjects between science and art and label a subject as belonging to science or arts stream. We know, which are the subjects belonging to science and which are those belonging to arts streams. Though times are changing, and there is advancement everywhere, there are cultures where science subjects are believed to be good for boys while girls are considered suitable for art subjects. We know this much, and perhaps much more, but when it comes to delineating differences between science and art, most of us draw a blank. In fact it is a dilemma of sorts for boys and girls after they pass their 10+2 exam to choose between science and art streams. This article, by attempting to differentiate between science and art, hopes to help such students.
Let us look at the following experiments that differentiate between science and art.
Give a piece of paper, all colors and brush and ask different people to come up with a picture of rocky mountain from a distance, you will get as many answers to the question you posed as many people attempting to answer. This is because every person has his own individual perception of Rocky Mountains, and thus, uses various color mixes to come up with a picture that he feels best relates with the original.
Give molecules of oxygen and hydrogen and provide all facilities to make these molecules interact according to a set procedure to make water. You will see that every person who attempts to make water must follow the same procedure; otherwise he cannot hope to make water from hydrogen and oxygen molecules.
Provide steel, tires, engine and all internal parts and ask different persons to make a car. You will be surprised to see as many different looking cars as there are people accepting the challenge.
What these experiments clearly demonstrate is the fact that we can create a thing using same input and different processes. The output is not standard and depends upon people’s perceptions. This is what we refer to as art. On the other hand, if we have the same input and same procedure to achieve an output, the output will always be same, uniform, and standardized. This is science, and the process through which we get standardized products around the world.
There are so many products in the market that are made using scientific principles, but we prefer those that are made to look beautiful and aesthetically pleasing. This is where science and art merge together in the making of a product.
If we think intellectually, all things are art, but if we think in practical form, all things are science. The greatest of scientists and mathematicians who had a vision and came up with novel creations were truly artists. Rest of the fellows are merely scientists as they follow what has already been said and written. One thing that is common to both an artist as well as an scientist is that both try to justify their creations. The basis of justification is thought in the case of an artist while it is representation of natural processes that justify a scientific creation.
Science is an explanation of things natural that we can see and hear or feel. Our forefathers did not know the truth behind lightening and they got frightened or associated it with super natural powers. But courtesy science, especially principles of physics, we know ail that goes behind lightening as a natural process. This does not mean that phenomenon that cannot be explained through science do not exist. What science cannot explain today remains in the realms of art, or metaphysics as it is called.
Difference Between Science and Art
• Science is objective, art is subjective
• Art is conceptual, while science is theoretical
• Art needs no proof, it cannot be proved. On the other hand, science is based upon theories and hypothesis, and every phenomenon or device can be explained through science.