Spermatogenesis vs Oogenesis
Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis are two different cells responsible for the reproductive function of humans. Spermatogenesis is the cell belonging to male while Oogenesis belongs to female partner. This article discusses the differences between them in order to develop a better understanding.
What is Spermatogenesis?
Spermatogenesis is the process in which cells of sperm are developed in the reproductive organs of male. These cells are produced in the ‘testes’ portion of a male which consists of numerous other types of cells. Spermatogenesis cells are made by the testes in particular areas. These cells take 74 days for completion of maturity process. These Spermatogenesis cells have 46 different chromosomes in their nucleus which are divided in to two portions. When a male and female partner participates in a sexual intercourse, the Spermatogenesis from the male partner combines with Oogenesis of the female partner. This combination of cells allows the process of reproduction and giving birth to new organisms.
What is Oogenesis?
Oogenesis is another cell which is found in the body of a female. This cell is located in the reproductive system of a female. It is a process during which the main cell from a female is converted in to a mature cell allowing for the reproduction to take place. Oogenesis cells in a female reproductive system can be present in the body to a high number of about 400,000 cells. The Oogenesis cells are matured after some specific time period which allows in producing an egg after mixing with male sperm. The nucleus of such cells contains 46 sperms which are distributed in to two parts. These divide the Oogenesis in to two cells which are further matured to become suitable for fertility by a male cell. After these cells have been mixed with the cells of a male human being, the process of reproduction starts which allows humans to give birth to new organisms.
What is the difference between Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis?
These two cells seem to be almost same with the difference that they are generated in two different types of systems i.e. male and female body. Apart from this simple difference, there are a lot of other differences between Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis. Spermatogenesis cells of a human being are made in the testes portion of male body. On the other hand, Oogenesis cells are produced in the ovaries of female where eggs are made. As a result of Spermatogenesis, four spermatids are obtained. These four cells are divided in to two cells each which carry on the process to get mature for developing four mature sperm cells. On the other hand, Oogenesis produces four cells three of which are polar bodies while one is ovum. Only ovum is taken to the process of maturity which allows developing a single egg at the end. The size of Spermatogenesis cells is quite small when compared to the Oogenesis cell of a female. The production of Spermatogenesis continues in the body of a male human when he reaches the age of puberty till he dies. The production of Oogenesis in a female human starts even before a female is born and continues till the time when menstruation is completely ended which usually happens during the age of 45 till 55.