Difference Between Venom and Poison

Venom vs Poison

Venom and poison! Aren’t they supposed to be one and the same thing? As far as common perception is concerned, venom and poison are synonyms but the reality is that they are different from one another despite having many similarities. This article will explain these differences by highlighting the features of venom and poison so as to remove any doubts in the minds of the readers.

Poison is a substance that is a toxin and causes harm when eaten, inhaled, or swallowed. On the other hand, venom is non toxic if swallowed but becomes toxic when injected under the skin by venomous creatures like snakes and spiders. This venom then goes inside the tissues of the body that are normally protected by the skin and this is why a snake bite is considered to be harmful.

The dichotomy of poisonous and venomous is helpful in understanding the difference between venom and poison. There are organisms that are venomous and there are organisms that are poisonous. Why this dichotomy? The answer lies in the effect of their toxins on human beings. It is animals that are called venomous as they only can inject or administer the toxin in human bodies that is harmful. On the other hand, plants and animals that, when consumed and are harmful to us, are referred to as poisonous. Poison is a toxin that is produced in a large part of the body of the organism that contains it while venom is produced and contained in special organs used by the organism for this very purpose.

Venom, because it is injected into the bloodstream directly through a bite or a sting has a much faster action than a poison that has to be eaten or swallowed and slowly reaches the bloodstream.

In brief:

• Venom and poison are similar meaning words but both are different from each other.

• Poison is a toxin that can harm us when swallowed or inhaled while a venom is turns into a toxic substance only when it is injected or administered into our bodies by animals like snakes and spiders.