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Difference Between Warm blood and Coldblood Horse

Warm blood vs Coldblood Horse | Cold blood (Draft horses) vs Warmblood Horses

Although those sound like endothermic and exothermic animals, they all are endothermic mammals, indeed horses. Depending mainly on the agility and the body size of horses, there are two main types known as cold blood and hot blood. However, there is one more type with intermediate characters of those main types known as Warm blood horses. Although Warm bloods and Cold bloods are not two extremely different horse types, there are enough variations worth discussing. This article explores those differences in relation to their major characteristics.

Warm blood horse

Warm bloods are a result of the crossbreeding between various Hot blood and Cold blood horse breeds, took place in different times, predominantly in the European countries. They have a unique combination of characteristics including size, substance, and refinement. An ideally warm blood would be 162 – 174 centimetres tall at their withers, and their top line is smooth from the poll to tail. Their neck sets at a higher position on the shoulder with the poll at the highest position. Their conical and large hooves are more round than oval, and most importantly, those are proportionate to the body of the horse. Their gait and jumping skills should be inherited from the parents, therefore the records of the parents’ performance are of higher importance when considering in selecting a Warm blood horse according to the need. Since, these horses are a resulted progeny of crossbreeding between various Hot bloods and Cold bloods, Warm bloods have been inherited with both characteristics such as mild temperament with good agility. Therefore, they have been very important as excellent all-rounders (riding as well as working horses). The popular American quarter horse, Paint horse, and Standardbred are some of the prime examples for Warm blood horses.

Cold blood horse (Draft horse)

Cold blood horses are also known as Draft horses, and they are probably the largest of all the horse types. They are tall and large with great musculature, and they were originally bred for using in agricultural pursuits such as ploughing and carrying heavy carts. Usually, Cold bloods have an upright shoulder and that produces an upright gait. Their back appears shorter and the hindquarters are powerful. All those characters provide supportive evidence for their extreme power of pulling heavy weights and the usefulness in ploughing. Usually, the height of Cold blood horses range from 160 to 195 centimetres at their withers. In addition to their unique features, most of the draft horses have feathering on the lower parts of each foot.

What is the difference between Warm blood and Cold blood Horses?

· Cold bloods are larger and heavier compared to Warm bloods.

· Musculature is more prominent in Cold blood breeds than in Warm blood breeds.

· Cold Blood horses are mostly useful in heavy work and less used in racing sports, whereas Warm blood horses are more useful in racing and equestrian sports as well as in light works.

· Shoulders and gait are more upright in Cold bloods compared to Warm bloods.

· Top line of the Warm bloods is smooth from poll to tail, whereas it is not so smooth in Cold bloods.

· Warm bloods are more popular compared to Cold bloods.


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