Ancient Literature vs Classical Literature
Ancient literature and Classical literature are two types of literature that are often confused when it comes to their content and subject matter. Ancient literature deals with scriptural literature. It consists of books and manuscripts that contain scriptural matter.
Description of the passages found in the Bible forms the basis of ancient literature of Christianity. In the same way the descriptions of the passages found in the Vedas forms the basis of the ancient literature of Hinduism. Thus every religion in the world has its own ancient literature.
Apart from religious literature ancient literature comprises of books and manuscripts written on ancient arts and sciences as well. For example the books containing information about ancient astrology and astronomy written during ancient times can be classified under ancient literature. In the same way the books written on art and theater written during ancient times can also be classified under ancient literature.
Classical literature on the other hand deals with works on poetry, prose and drama written during olden times. This is the main difference between ancient literature and classical literature.
Classical literature comprises of books and works including plays, dramas, prose works, poetry, versification done in olden times in the courts of kings and monarchs. In short it can be said that classical literature comprises of epic literature, lyrical compositions, poetry compositions, plays and the like written during the classical period.
Every language in the world has got its own classical period during which several classics would have been written. All these classics written during the olden period come under classical literature. The works of Shakespeare and Milton in English literature and the works of Kalidasa and Bhavabhuti in Sanskrit literature can be assumed to come under classical literature of the respective languages. These are the differences between ancient literature and classical literature.