Broccoli vs Cauliflower
Family Brassicaceae is well known as “cabbage family” in common usage. Species Brassica oleracea consists of a number of different cultivar groups. Cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and Chinese broccoli are some of the members belong to the same family but vary from the cultivar group as capitata, botrytis, gemmifera and alboglabra respectively. Both, broccoli and cauliflower, closely resemble in number of ways. Both are annual, cool climate crops, and composed of more or less similar nutritional composition. Although it is difficult to detect huge differences among them, some important particulars are available to distinguish them separately. This article reveals the basic information about both crops but, specially focusing on the differences between them.
Scientifically broccoli belongs to the species Brassica oleracea, which belongs to the family brassicasea. The cultivar group of broccoli is known as Italica. It is commonly known as the flowering head of a cabbage. Those flower heads are often very large and usually green in color. They arise from the branched stalks in broccoli plant and leaves cover them peripherally. Harvesting index of broccoli is at a time before the flowers bloom bright yellow. There are three common varieties of broccoli namely common broccoli, romanesco broccoli, and purple cauliflower. Some of them are very difficult to separate from cauliflower simply by looking at the appearance. Consumption of broccoli will give several health benefits such as prevention of cancers and heart diseases. When considering the nutritional composition of broccoli, it is a very good source of vitamin C and fiber. Moreover, some probable cancer preventive properties can be identified, whilst it contains indole-3-carbinol, as an enhancer of DNA repairing.
Cauliflower is one of the members in species Brassica oleracea, which is coming under the group Botrytis. Floral meristems of these plants will make a gathered structure often called as “head” of cauliflower, which is known as white curd due to the predominant white color of it. The process of appearing those heads is known as head formation. It is the most common edible part, whereas the other parts such as leaves and stalks are rarely used or simply discarded. There is a range of different cauliflower varieties where the traditional and commercial types are the major groups. Although the white cauliflower is the most common type, there are many other exceptions such as orange, green and purple. Cauliflower is also rich in fiber, folate, vitamin C and more or less similar beneficial compounds as in broccoli.
What is the difference between broccoli and cauliflower?
• Broccoli and cauliflower both belong to the same species but differ from the group of cultivar.
• According to that, some of the physiological characteristics may differ from one to another. The most prominent difference in outer appearance of those two is the color of heads. Often broccoli contains highly branched green color flower buds whilst cauliflower inflorescence meristem is white in color.
• Nevertheless, both are very much similar in their nutritional composition. Broccoli contains a large amount of carotenoids than cauliflower; it is the highest in the whole family.