The key difference between diploblastic and triploblastic is that diploblastic organisms have two germinal layers and lack mesoderm while triploblastic organisms have all three germinal layers, including the mesoderm.
Depending on the primary germ layers present in the blastula stage of organisms, there are two groups of organisms as diploblastic and triploblastic. The basic three germinal layers are ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm. Ectoderm and endoderm layers are common to both diploblastic and triploblastic animals, while mesoderm is present only in triploblastic animals. In addition to these two types, there is one group of animals called sponges, which have a single undifferentiated layer; thus, they are called monoblastic.
1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Diploblastic
3. What is Triploblastic
4. Similarities Between Diploblastic and Triploblastic
5. Side by Side Comparison – Diploblastic vs Triploblastic in Tabular Form
What is Diploblastic?
Diploblastic organisms have only two primary germ layers in their blastula: endoderm and ectoderm. They lack the middle layer or the mesoderm. The inner layer, which is the endoderm, gives rise to tissues associated with gut and associated glands. In contrast, the outer layer, ectoderm, gives rise to covering tissues like epidermis.
Animals in phyla Cnidaria and Ctenophore belong to this group. Cnidarians include jellyfish, corals, sea pens, sea anemones, etc. and ctenophores include comb jellies. These simple, primitive metazoans basically lack body cavities and true organs.
What is Triploblastic?
Most metazoans develop three primary germ layers in their blastula; hence, they are referred to as triploblastic animals. The three primary germ layers are ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. Ectoderm basically gives rise to the epidermis and may also give rise to sensory organs and parts of the nervous system. Mesoderm mainly forms muscles, connective tissues, blood vessels, epithelial lining of interior cavities, certain excretory organs, and skeletal elements. Endoderm gives rise to parts of gastrointestinal tracts, respiratory tract, parts of endocrine glands and organs, and auditory system.
Moreover, triploblastic animals have complex body structures, including coelom or true body cavity and true organs. However, certain triploblastic animals lost their body cavities and later became acoelomates. Certain triploblastic animals such as acoelomates have mesoderm and mesenchyme in between ectoderm and endoderm. In addition, triploblastic animals with hemocoel have mesoderm and hemocoel in between ectoderm and endoderm. In contrast, triploblastic coelomates have mesoderm and coelom in between ectoderm and endoderm.
What are the Similarities Between Diploblastic and Triploblastic?
- Diploblastic and triploblastic are two groups of organisms based on the number of primary germ layers in the blastula stage.
- Ectoderm and endoderm layers are common to both diploblastic and triploblastic animals.
What is the Difference Between Diploblastic and Triploblastic?
Diploblastic and triploblastic are two groups of organisms. As their names imply, diploblastic animals have only two germ layers while triploblastic animals have all three germ layers. So, this is the key difference between diploblastic and triploblastic. Generally, diploblastic animals are primitive metazoans, while triploblastic animals are advanced metazoans.
Moreover, a notable difference between diploblastic and triploblastic is that the diploblastic animals do not have true organs and body cavities while triploblastic animals have true organs and body cavities. Additionally, diploblastic animals show radial symmetry while triploblastic animals show bilateral symmetry. Therefore, this is also a major difference between diploblastic and triploblastic.
The below infographic illustrates more information regarding the difference between diploblastic and triploblastic.
Summary – Diploblastic vs Triploblastic
Generally, there are three germ layers in the blastula of vertebrates. They are ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm. If an organism possesses all these three layers, we call it triploblastic. However, some organisms have only two layers: ectoderm and endoderm. They lack mesoderm. Therefore, we call them diploblastic. Since they lack a mesoderm, they lack true organs and body cavities as well. Moreover, diploblastic animals show radial symmetry while triploblastic animals show bilateral symmetry. Thus, this is the summary of the difference between diploblastic and triploblastic.
1. “Pharyngula.” ScienceBlogs, Available here.