Key Difference – Hemichordata vs Chordata
Kingdom Animalia is composed of multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotic animals. There are different phyla coming under Kingdom Animalia. Chordata and Hemichordata are two phyla of animals. Phylum Hemichordata includes marine worm-like animals that are invertebrates. Phylum Chordata includes animals that possess a notochord, a dorsal hollow nerve cord and paired pharyngeal gill slits. It includes both vertebrates and invertebrates. Hemichordata possesses an epidermal nervous system while Chordata possesses a central nervous system. This is the key difference between Hemichordata and Chordata.
1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is Hemichordata
3. What is Chordata
4. Similarities Between Hemichordata and Chordata
5. Side by Side Comparison – Hemichordata vs Chordata in Tabular Form
What is Hemichordata?
Hemichordata is a phylum of Kingdom Animalia. It includes animals that live in marine environments and those who consume sediments and dissolved organic matter as their foods. They are worm-like deuterostome animals. They possess an epidermal nervous system. All the marine animals in the phylum hemichordate are invertebrates. This phylum is considered as a sister group of Echinodermata.
There are three main classes of hemichordate. They are Enteropneusta, Pterobranchia and Planctosphaeroidea. Class Enteropneusta contains acorn worms. Class Pterobranchia includes graptolites while class Planctosphaeroidea includes a single species that was identified by its larvae. Phylum hemochordata contains approximately 120 living species. Animals of the hemichordate are bilaterally symmetrical, and the body can be divided into three sections; proboscis, collar and the trunk. Their reproduction is mainly by sexual means. Their body cavity is a true coelom and posses a partially open circulatory system. Their excretory organ is glomerulus.
What is Chordata?
Chordata is a phylum of Kingdom Animalia. It is the phylum that includes humans and other familiar animals that are highly evolved. Phylum Chordata consists of animals that possess several characteristic features such as the presence of notochord (a stiff, dorsal supporting rod), a dorsal hollow nerve cord and paired pharyngeal gill slits. It includes both vertebrates such as fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals and invertebrates that live in water, land and air (in all most all major habitats). Chordata animals reproduce mostly by the sexual reproduction. Some species show asexual reproduction as well. These animals possess a central nervous system, well-developed coelom, complete digestive system, cartilaginous endoskeleton and closed blood system. Their body shows a bilateral symmetry, and the body is segmented.
There are three subphyla in the phylum chordate. They are Urochordata (Tunicata), Cephalochordata (Acrania) and Vertebrata (Craniata). There are more than 65000 living species in this phylum under several categories such as fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, salps, sea squirts and lancelets etc.
What are the Similarities Between Hemichordata and Chordata?
- Chordata and Hemichordata are two phyla of animals.
- Chordata and Hemichordata share a common ancestor.
- Both groups are deuterostome phyla.
- Both hemichordates and chordates are coelomates.
- Both Hemichordata and Chordata contain pharyngeal gill slits.
- Both groups are closely related.
- Both Hemichordata and Chordata have a dorsal tubular nerve cord.
- Animals in both phyla show bilateral symmetry.
What is the Difference Between Hemichordata and Chordata?
Hemichordata vs Chordata
|Hemichordata is a phylum of kingdom Animalia that includes worm-like marine animals.||Chordata is a phylum of kingdom Animalia that includes highly advanced animals with the notochord. They live in all major habitats.|
|Hemichordata live in marine systems.||Chordata live in all major habitats such as water, soil and air.|
|Hemichordata use sediment and suspended organic matter as their food.||Chordata feeds on all types of foods through ingestion.|
|Hemichordata classes are Enteropneusta, Pterobranchia, and Planctosphaeroidea||Chordata has three subphyla; Urochordata, Cephalochordata, and Vertebrata.|
|Hemichordata: Acorn worms, Pterobranchs.||Chordata includes fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, salps, sea squirts and lancelets.|
|Vertebrate or Invertebrate|
|Hemichordata are invertebrates.||Chordata are vertebrates and invertebrates.|
|Hemichordata have soft-bodied and worm-like.||Chordata has advanced and more complex bodies.|
|Hemichordata have a epidermal nervous system||Chordata has a central nervous system.|
|Number of Living Species|
|Hemichordata include 120 living species.||Chordata include more than 65000 living species.|
Summary – Hemichordata vs Chordata
Hemichordata and chordate are two phyla of animals. Hemichordata includes marine animals. Chordata includes advanced animals that possess a backbone. They live in all major habitats. Both phyla are closely related, and they show a similar body plan. Both groups are deuterostomes. Both groups contain animals with bilateral symmetrical bodies. Hemichordata animals posses an epidermal nervous system while chordate animals possess a central nervous system. This is the difference between Hemichordata and Chordata.
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1.’Eichelwurm’By User Necrophorus on de.wikipedia – Foto: de:Benutzer:Necrophorus, (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia
2.’Chordata diversity’By S. Taheri, edited by Fir0002 ; Nhobgood Nick Hobgood ; Philippe Guillaume ; Rob Hanson. (CC BY 2.5) via Commons Wikimedia