Insurance vs Reinsurance
Insurance and reinsurance are both forms of financial protection which are used to guard against the risk of losses. Losses are guarded against by transferring the risk to another party through the payment of an insurance premium, as an incentive for bearing the risk. Insurance and reinsurance are similar in concept even though they are quite different to each other in terms of how they are used. The following article provides a clear outline of both insurance and reinsurance while outlining how they differ to one another.
Insurance is a more commonly known concept that describes the act of guarding against risk. An insured is the party who will seek to obtain an insurance policy while the insurer is the party that shares the risk for a paid price called an insurance premium. The insured can easily obtain an insurance policy for a number of risks. The most common types of insurance policy taken out is a vehicle/auto insurance policy as this is mandated by law in many countries. Other policies include home owner’s insurance, renter’s insurance, medical insurance, life insurance, liability insurance, etc.
The insured who takes out a vehicle insurance will specify the losses against which he wishes to be insured. This may include repairs to the vehicle in case of an accident, damages to the party who is injured, payment for a rented vehicle until such time the insured’s vehicle is fixed, etc. The insurance premium paid will depend upon a number of factors such as the insured’s driving record, driver’s age, any medical complications of the driver, etc. If the driver has had a reckless driving record he may be charged a higher premium as the probability of loss is higher. On the other hand, if the driver has had no previous accidents then the premium will be lower since the probability of loss is relatively low.
Re insurance is when an insurance company will guard themselves against the risk of loss. Reinsurance in simpler terms is the insurance that is taken out by an insurance company. Since insurance companies provide protection against the risk of loss, insurance is a very risky business, and it is important that an insurance company has its own protection in place to avoid bankruptcy.
Through a reinsurance scheme, an insurance company is able to bring together or ‘pool’ its insurance policies and then divide up the risk among a number of insurance providers so that in the event that a large loss occurs this will be divided up throughout a number of firms, thereby saving the one insurance company from large losses.
Insurance vs Reinsurance
Insurance and reinsurance are similar in concept in that they are both tools that guard against large losses. Insurance, on the one hand, is a protection for the individual, whereas reinsurance is the protection taken out by a large insurance firm to ensure that they survive large losses. The premium that is paid by an individual will be received by the company that provides the insurance whereas the insurance premium paid for reinsurance will be divided among all the insurance companies in the pool that bear the risk of loss.
Difference Between Insurance and Reinsurance
• Insurance and reinsurance are both forms of financial protection which are used to guard against the risk of losses.
• Insurance is a more commonly known concept that describes the act of guarding against risk. An insured is the party who will seek to obtain an insurance policy while the insurer is the party that shares the risk for a paid price called an insurance premium.
• Re insurance is when an insurance company will guard themselves against the risk of loss.