Key Difference – Metazoa vs Eumetazoa
Metazoa and Eumetazoa are two groups in the kingdom Animalia. The tissues of metazoa demonstrate true multicellularity without a true gut while eumetazoa contains tissues that are differentiated into true tissue forms. This is the key difference between metazoa and eumetazoa.
The animal kingdom has been subjected to various classification systems throughout history. Different scientists were involved in these processes. It was found out that all animals are evolved from a common ancestor. Classification criteria were developed through considering different physiological, structural and genetical aspects. Metazoa and Eumetazoa are two such groups derived from these classification systems.
What is Metazoa?
Metazoa can be defined as a major division in the animal kingdom that consists of all animals except protozoans and sponges. Metazoa consists of animals with prominent true multicellularity. They possess nerves and muscle tissue. But they lack a true gut. Metazoa are said to be evolved from protists roughly 700 million years ago.
The evolution of metazoans is described through two theories. But one theory is highly discredited due to invalid proof. The other theory proposed by Earnest Haeckel in 1874 is considered as valid. In this theory, he proposed that multicellular organisms contain a colonial ancestor.Most of the genomes of animals of metazoa are already sequenced in the NCBIs genome category.
Metazoa animals are heterotrophic since they are unable to fulfill their energy requirements by themselves. Therefore, they depend on other animals or products of other animals.In the context of their life cycle, they have a diploid (2n) life cycle primarily. Haploid (n) male gamete (sperm) and a haploid (n) female gamete (egg) are fused together and result in diploid (2n) zygote that develops into a multicellular embryo. The unique feature of metazoans is the cell containing an extracellular matrix that is made up of collagen adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans, and integrin.
What is Eumetazoa?
Eumetazoa is defined as a subkingdom of multicellular animals excluding Placozoa, Porifera (sponges) and extinct life forms such as Dickinsonia. The characteristic features of eumetazoans include the presence of true differentiated tissues that are arranged into germ layers and the presence of an embryo that develops through a gastrula stage. Eumetazoans mainly consist of animal groups such as Ctenophora, Cnidaria, and Bilateria.
Different phylogenists speculated the fact that, the evolution of sponges and eumetazoa took place from separate unicellular organisms. It means that the whole animal kingdom is not composed of organisms that are evolved from a common ancestor. But recent genetical analysis proved the fact that the animal kingdom descends from a common ancestor.
In the context of a formal taxon, eumetazoans are considered as a sub-kingdom. It is within the kingdom Animalia. Most of the times, eumetazoa is not included in the classification schemes.
What are the Similarities Between Metazoa and Eumetazoa?
- Metazoa and Eumetazoa are two groups in the kingdom Animalia.
- Both exclude sponges.
- Both are subgroups.
- Multicellular organisms are present in both groups.
- Organisms of both Metazoa and Eumetazoa are heterotrophic.
- Both evolved from a common ancestor.
- Tissue differentiation is present in both.
What is the Difference Between Metazoa and Eumetazoa?
Metazoa vs Eumetazoa
|Metazoa is defined as a major division in the animal kingdom that consists of all animals except protozoans and sponges.||Eumetazoa is defined as a subkingdom of multicellular animals that excludes Placozoa, Porifera and extinct life forms such as Dickinsonia.|
|Metazoa is classified as a major group in the animal kingdom.||Eumetazoa is classified as a subkingdom in the animal kingdom.|
|All animals except protozoans and sponges belong to the metazoan.||All animals excluding Placozoa, Porifera and extinct life forms such as Dickinsonia belong to the eumetazoa.|
|A unique feature of metazoans includes their cell containing an extracellular matrix that is made up of collagen adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans and integrin.||Presence of differentiated tissues, which are arranged into germ layers is a feature of eumetazoa.|
|Complexity of the Tissues|
|Less complex tissues are present in metazoan.||More complex tissues are present in eumetazoa.|
Summary – Metazoa vs Eumetazoa
Metazoa and Eumetazoa are two groups of the animal kingdom. Both groups contain animals that are heterotrophic and are derived from a common ancestor. Metazoans are a major group of the animal kingdom while eumetazoans are a subgroup. Metazoans lack a cell wall. They possess an extracellular matrix that is made up of collagen adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans and integrin. Eumetazoa possesses differentiated tissues that are arranged into germ layers and the presence of an embryo that develops through a gastrula stage. This is the difference between metazoan and eumetazoa.
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