Monkey vs Gorilla | Features, Characteristics, Lifespan
These two primates are different and similar in many ways. Evolutionarily, taxonomically, and also according to the body form and posture with food habits, the monkeys and gorillas could be differentiated. These interesting, highly intelligent and effective animals are fascinating creatures but most importantly, the gorillas are considered as the closest taxonomical relatives of the humans in the animal kingdom.
Old world and new world are the two types of monkeys present in the world today with more than 260 extant species. The Pygmy Marmoset is the smallest member and it is only about 140 millimetres tall with a weight of 4 – 5 ounces while the largest member (Mandrill) can weigh up to 35 kilograms and can be as tall as 1 metre at standing posture. Therefore, sizes of the monkeys are vastly different with the species. The monkeys are adapted to climb and jump among trees. Therefore, most are arboreal but, some species live in savannas. It is mostly an omnivorous diet in the monkeys. They do not stand in the upright posture but walk with all four limbs most of the time. Only the new world monkeys have a prehensile tail and colour vision in their eyes. All the monkeys have five digits with an opposable thumb in limbs. Additionally, they also have the binocular vision as the other primates. The lifespan could vary from 10 to 50 years, depending on species of the monkey.
Gorillas have two species and they are distributed naturally in the African continent. Without a debate, gorilla is the largest primate with the recorded tallest one was 1.8 metres and weighing more than 200 kilograms. They can both walk and climb trees, and which is advantageous in foraging through the wilderness. The arms are long and strong, helpful in moving within and among trees while foraging. But usually, they are ground dwellers and they walk on the soles of their hind limbs and the knuckles of the fore limbs. However, they walk upright on the hind limbs only for small distances. Their food habit is mainly herbivorous. The coat colour is black to brownish-grey which becomes grey with age. Unlike most of the primates and other mammals, the gorillas do not have a tail, which is a feature of the apes. Gorillas live in herds and the dominant male is known as the Silverback. Normally, a gorilla lives up to 35 years.
Monkey vs Gorilla
Being primates, both gorilla and monkey are sharing some important features viz. five digit fore limb with an opposable thumb , binocular vision, higher brain capacity, improved tool using behaviours…etc. However, the gorillas hold an evolutionarily higher position than the monkeys. Monkeys are vastly different in their body sizes, but the gorilla is the largest and the heaviest member among the primates. Some monkey species live up to 50 years and the maximum age of a gorilla would be 35 years. The presence of tail in monkeys serves a very distinctive feature between them and gorillas. Most of the monkeys are living in herds, social animals, thus it gives another similarity with the gorillas. Gorillas are mainly herbivorous and the monkeys are omnivorous, hence, it could be a slight difference between the two forms of primates. The desire of people to watch and study will never stop as these creatures are great potentials of fascination and interest.