Renaissance vs Reformation
* Renaissance was a cultural movement, began in Italy and spread across Europe
* Reformation was the Northern European Christian movement
* Renaissance paved the way for the advancement in art and architecture
* Reformation paved the way for religious fragmentation, Protestantism was established
The Renaissance was a cultural movement. It spanned between the 14th and 17th centuries. It is interesting to note that the Renaissance began in Florence in Italy in the Late Middle Ages. It spread to various parts of Europe later.
The Reformation on the other hand was the European Christian reform movement which established Protestantism as a branch of Christianity and hence the Reformation is also called by names the Protestant Reformation and the Protestant Revolt.
The term Renaissance is generally used to refer to the historic era and cultural era whereas the term Reformation is quite often used to refer to the religious era. The usage of the word Renaissance extends to the representation of other cultural movements too such as Carolingian Renaissance and the Renaissance of the 12th century.
During Reformation the so called reformers opposed the practice, doctrines and ecclesiastical structure of the Roman Catholic Church with a view to create what are called new national Protestant churches. It is interesting to note that the Catholics too responded to the Reformation made by the reformers by means of their Counter Reformation.
One of the main differences between the Renaissance and Reformation is that the former started at Florence and ended spreading in different parts of Europe too, where as the latter spread only to the northern Europe. The southern Europe remained Catholic for that matter.
It is to be understood well that the Renaissance paved the way for the advancement in art and architecture, whereas the Reformation paved the way for religious fragmentation. One of the distinguishing features of the Renaissance art was the delineation of linear perspective in its art pieces. On the other hand religious Reformation movement showed doctrinal differences among the reformers that led to the factions such as Puritans, the Lutheran, the Presbyterian and the Reformed.