Roma vs Plum Tomatoes
Tomato is scientifically referred as Solanum lycopersicu, and it comes under the family Solanaceae. It is consumed as a fruit or vegetable and can be eaten raw or as a processed product. Tomato has several beneficial health effects due to the presence of lycopene and several other vitamins. Although it is perennial from its origin, it is cultivated as an annual crop for the agricultural purposes. This article reviews two common types of tomatoes; namely Roma and Plum, and their specific characteristics and differences.
Roma is one of the tomato varieties commonly found in super markets. They are also known as Italian tomatoes or Italian plum tomatoes. It is prominently available in red and yellow colors where the shape is pear or egg shaped. Some of the major areas growing Roma tomatoes are United States, Australia and Mexico. Like other tomatoes, Roma is also canned and made into sauce as preservation methods for prolonging the shelf life of tomatoes. Having less number of seeds and smaller seeds facilitates the above processes. In addition to those advantageous characteristics, Roma tomato has many other merits present in its physiology. Roma tomatoes grow as vines and have determinate passion of growth. Therefore, it acquires a fairly high fruit bearing ability. Some of the genetically improved Roma types are resistant to some common diseases such as fusarium wilt and verticillium.
Plum tomato is one of the very popular types of tomatoes cultivated widely in Europe and America. Plum tomatoes are also referred as processing tomatoes and paste tomatoes due to their specific purposes in use. Unlike the round shape of the standard tomatoes, plum tomato shapes vary from oval, to cylindrical. Also, the size of the fruit varies with the variety. Although large tomatoes are found in the markets, small size plum tomatoes are more famous than the rest due to ease of usage. There is a very small plum tomato variety, which is closer to a grape in size, and so it is called “grape tomato”. Having less number of seed compartments and less amount of water in composition enhance the quality of the final product, which can be a sauce or a paste. There is a high varietal difference in plum tomato type, where Roma and San Marzano are most prominent.
What is the difference between Plum Tomato and Roma Tomato?
• Roma and Plum tomatoes are two common types of tomatoes famous as processing tomatoes.
• Roma tomato is one of the famous varieties coming under plum tomato type. It is also called as Italian plum tomato.
• One of the main differences between the two types is the area of growing. Roma tomato is a determinate type vine, whereas plum tomato consists with determinate and semi-determinate type vines.
• Due to that reason, Roma bear fairly high amount of fruits.
• The shape of Plum tomato can be oval or cylindrical while Roma is oval or pear shaped.