Science vs Technology
When you see the terms science and technology, they are often used together, but at some point, you must have wondered about the difference between science and technology. Is there a difference between science and technology? Of course, there is. If not why use two terms? The difference between these two terms can be explained simply in the following manner. Science can be called a systematic knowledge base developed through observation and experiment of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world; Technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes. As you can see, there is a difference in the definitions of the two. Science and Technology might appear same when it comes to their meaning and purpose, but there is certainly some difference between the two.
What is Science?
According to the Oxford English dictionary, science is ‘the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.’ Science is also a global activity to which everyone supports. Science is something that is ongoing. Science is normally spoken in connection with technology in the educational institutions. Science is about the systematic arrival of conclusion or findings. It involves steps that establish the outcome of the findings. In short, science can be called a systematic knowledge base. Science is a study of aspects under the various branches such as physics, chemistry and biology. Science involves observation and experimentation. Science is more concerned about analysis. Science deals with theories and their findings.
What is Technology?
Technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes. Technology, on the contrary, is applied science. Technology involves the use of tools as well as knowledge for the study of a particular science. Hence, the term applied science is used to refer technology. For example, the science of radiation can be applied in the technology related to the development of the tools and in the advanced study of the application of radiation. As a result, a radiation technician works with the technology of radiation has studied the science of radiation. In the same way, the advancement in the study of energy led to the development of technology of solar panels that are used to generate energy and power. Thus, the application of a particular branch of science is helpful in the development of technology of the particular branch. Thus, technology can be called applied science. Technology has everything to do with synthesis of design. While science deals with theories and findings, technology is much concerned about processes. Technology has to get its processes right to make an advancement in the field of applied science. Another importance difference between science and technology is the fact that science involves observation and experimentation while technology is all about invention and production. The invention of tools and their production are the facets of technology.
What is the difference between Science and Technology?
The difference between science and technology can be summarized in the following manner:
• Science is more or less a study of a particular branch namely, physics, chemistry or biology. Technology deals with what is called applied science.
• Science involves observation and experimentation whereas technology involves invention and production.
• Science is all about analysis whereas technology is more concerned about the synthesis of design.
• Science is about observing the natural world and building up theories. Technology is about putting such theories into practice.
• When scientific studies thrive so does the technology related to that field. For example, the advancement in the study of energy led to the development of technology of solar panels that are used to generate energy and power.
• Most important thing to remember when it comes to science and technology is that they go hand in hand. That is why most of the time they are used together.
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