Knit vs Woven
All kinds of fabric are made through either weaving or knitting processes. Despite woven fabrics looking different from knitted fabrics, there are many who find it difficult to differentiate between knitted and woven fabrics. Pullovers are knitted; we all know this, and some T-shirts are knitted while others are woven. Most of the cotton fabrics used for making shirts and trousers are woven. Even denim, the most versatile fabric of all times is woven. This article takes a closer look at the differences to enable readers to know the features of both knitted, as well as woven fabrics.
The first and foremost difference between knitted and woven fabric lies in the fact that knitted fabric is manufactured using a single yarn with the help of needles that make interlocking loops, while in weaving, two or more yarns are interlaced through an ancient weaving art, where the two yarns or threads are called warp, and weft in a loom and convert the threads into fabric.
Woven fabric is not stretchable generally, though today some woven fabrics are made stretchable such as denims. Woven fabric can be single colored or multi colored depending upon threads used, and it is possible to make artistic designs or patterns in the fabric. On the other hand, knitted fabric is stretchable and is ideal for those who are tick set as it stretches and provides comfort to them. Stretchability is an important consideration that needs to be kept in mind when deciding on one of the two fabric making methods. Can you imagine a woven fabric for a pair of stockings that needs to be stretchable?
There are insulated air pockets in knitted fabrics that ensure warmth to the wearer. However, they are also porous and provide breathing of fabric. Knitted fabrics are fluffy, absorbent, also lightweight making them preference of many people. However, they tend to shrink more than woven fabrics which put such fabrics at a disadvantage as they cannot be frequently washed. They also fade more than woven fabrics.
In woven fabrics, there are intersecting threads that are perpendicular to each other and a distinguishing feature is the lack of stretch, though there are some woven fabrics that are given stretch ability by adding lycra in between. They are made on a loom where yarns run straight along the length and are called warp, whereas yarns running across width are called weft. Most of the woven fabrics have a right side and a wrong side that is known as soon as you see the fabric. Knitted fabrics, on the other hand, are made on a knitting machine. They are more comfortable to wear as they are stretchable and fluffy.
What is the difference between Knit and Woven?
• Knitted fabrics are made on a knitting machine, while woven fabrics are made on a huge loom.
• Knitted fabrics are mostly stretchable, whereas woven fabrics are non stretch.
• Knitted fabrics are preferred for comfort and wrinkle resistance.
• Woven fabrics have fast colors and are more durable than knitted fabrics that shrink easily.