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Difference Between Plato and Socrates

Plato vs Socrates

Plato and Socrates are two philosophers that showed differences between them when it comes to their philosophical concepts and thought. One of the primary differences between Plato and Socrates is that Plato gave a lot of importance to the soul of the human being than the body. On the other hand, Socrates did not speak much about the soul.

Socrates always preached to be just than unjust. He says that everything has its own function that which one can do only with it or best with it. For example, Socrates would say that the function of the eye is to see. He would further say that a pruning knife is better suited for pruning than butchering.

Socrates says that everything also is characterized by a virtue that has a direct relationship with the performance of its function. As per the example discussed above, the virtue of the eye is the sight, and the virtue of the pruning knife is its sharpness. This is the philosophy of Socrates.

Plato, on the other hand, refutes the position that injustice is better than justice. According to Plato, each person has a function, and the city can be virtuous when each one performs his function. Plato would call the human function as deliberation. He would include other functions such as ruling, taking care of things and living. In fact, he says that these functions pertain to the community in which one lives. Thus, it can be said that the conceptualization of the concept of human function is the main area of difference between Plato and Socrates.

Socrates attacked the concept of overreaching. He would say that overreaching is not a good thing, and actually, it is a foolish way to live. These are the most notable differences between the thoughts of Plato and Socrates.


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