Recruitment vs Selection
Recruitment and Selection are two terms that are associated with the job market. These two terms should be understood in the right perspective. They are known to show some differences between them.
It can be said that both of them are phases of employment process. Recruitment is the process of searching the candidates eligible for employment. It also consists in making the eligible candidates apply for the corresponding jobs. On the other hand selection involves the various steps employed to choose the right candidate for the right job. These steps may include screening and interviewing. This is the main difference between recruitment and selection.
The two terms differ from each other in terms of their purpose too. The very purpose of recruitment is to create a kind of talent base from which the best may be picked for the various posts in the organization. On the other hand the very purpose of selection lies in the choosing of the right candidate for the right post or job available in the organization for which the talent base was built.
One of the interesting differences between recruitment and selection is that recruitment is often considered a process that is characterized by positive feeling. There is always optimism involved in the phase of recruitment. On the other hand the process of selection is often considered a process characterized by negative feeling. There is on the other hand a kind of pessimism involved in the phase of selection.
The pessimism involved in the phase of selection is possibly due to the fact that unsuitable candidates can be summarily rejected at the end of the interviews or the screening tests. Recruitment consists in the tapping of the talents of the available candidates. It involves the conduct of the basic and initial tests and group discussions to mention a few.
On the other hand selection is directly associated with the final bunch of candidates in terms of interview and final tests. This makes the job of selection even more challenging and enterprising than recruiting. One of the prime differences between recruitment and selection is that recruitment is not characterized by any kind of contract between the eligible candidate and the organization.
On the other hand the process of selection is characterized by an employment contract between the employed person and the organization. The purpose of the contract is to bind both the parties.