Thesis vs Dissertation
* A thesis is a proposition that is maintained by argument and it is put forward as a premise to be maintained or proved. It is a dissertation advancing an original point of view as a result of research.
* A dissertation is a treatise advancing a new point of view resulting from research, often based on original research. It’s allowed to summarize your own thoughts too.
The two terms, namely, dissertation and thesis are not interchangeable as there is difference between them. In the academic sense, a thesis is submitted at the end of a Ph.D. whereas a dissertation is submitted at the end of the Master’s degree. This may vary in some universities.
You are expected to contribute new findings through research before you submit a thesis whereas in a dissertation you have to synthesize and analyze the information collected by you. In fact you are allowed to summarize your own thoughts too in the dissertation.
It is also true that the two terms give you different degrees. It means a dissertation gives you a lesser degree than what a thesis gives. A thesis on the other hand gives you a higher degree.
Although in some of the universities of the world, both these terms are interchangeable, in many other universities they are not interchangeable. The degree qualified by the submission of a dissertation should be followed by the degree qualified by the submission of a thesis.
In some of the universities of the world, a dissertation is to be submitted to get a degree called Master of Philosophy. This degree is immediately followed by the submission of a thesis to get the Doctor of Philosophy.
You have to ensure that you submit what is called a hypothesis or a synopsis before submitting the thesis to get your Doctorate degree. The hypothesis or the synopsis should contain the gist of the new findings you have made in the subject of your research. The thesis should contain all details about the research you have made in the subject.
One of the main differences between the two is that in a thesis you have to add your analysis to the already existing literature, whereas a dissertation is an analysis of the existing literature. Hence the two terms are not interchangeable in usage.