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Differences Between Fruits and Vegetables

Differences Between Fruits vs Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are parts of plants. Fruit is the matured ovary of a flowering plant (angiosperms), which means that it contains seeds, while vegetables are the edible plant parts, and are grouped according to the part of each plant, such as leaves, stalks, roots, tubers, bulbs and flowers. For a common man it is not difficult to differentiate the two terms, the sweet and succulent produce of a plant is called fruit and the rest of the edible parts are vegetables. But botanists may disagree with this generalization. According to botanical definition tomatoes, pumpkins, cucumbers, and zucchini are fruits as they are contain seeds.

Fruits and vegetables are part of our daily life; we use them in different forms, either after cooking or in raw form, as salads. Fruits and vegetables are natural source of vitamins, fibers and many minerals. These colorful ingredients made our food not only good looking, but they are also very essential for the proper function of our body.


If we try to define fruits in broader terms, it is that part of plant, which contains seeds. In flowering plants, it is the mature ovary, which protects the seeds, later on these seeds are dispersed by the animals and birds, which eat them.  Generally, fruits are the flashy parts of plants, which are usually sweet and available for human use in raw form, for instance, apple, mango, guava, banana, orange etc. Biological definition of fruit is stricter and debate about the status of certain fruits, like tomato is still going on. Many fruits are called as true fruits in biological sense, whereas others are culinary fruits. Some true fruits are used as vegetables, like tomato, cucumber, peas and eggplant, as they are not sweet. In technical terms, cereal grains are also fruits, but they are considered as edible seeds. Botanists have divided fruits into many categories, like simple fruits, aggregate fruits and multiple fruits.


There is no definition for the word vegetable, edible part of plant, other than fruit and seed, called as vegetable. It could be leaves as in case of spinach, the roots as in case of radish, the flowers as in coli flower. As it has no scientific definition, traditions and cultures play great role in deciding the status of vegetables, for instance, many people consider mushrooms as vegetables, some others consider them a separate food class. Avocado is treated as fruit in certain countries, while in others it is used as vegetable.  Some vegetables are used in raw form, like carrots and radish where as some others must be cooked before eating like bitter ground and ladyfinger.

Differences and similarities

Both terms, fruits and vegetables, are used in exclusive terms, without confusing with each other. Fruits have an exact botanical definition, while vegetables have no definition. As stated earlier, vegetable are any edible part of plant, so fruits can also be considered as vegetables but we can differentiate them based on seeds. Fruits are those parts of plants, which contain seeds, but for vegetables to have seeds is not an obligation. This is the basic reason behind the classification of tomatoes and cucumbers among fruits. Fruits usually have sugar called fructose, which gave them sweet taste, whereas vegetables are usually savory. Fruits could be used in raw form, where as only some vegetable can be used in raw form, some need cooking before human consumption.

Fruits, vegetables their juices and extracts are part of our everyday life. Their nutritional value makes them equally important for us, but both are different. Fruits are known for their sweetness where as vegetables give savory taste. Fruits protect seeds while vegetable could be any part of plant. There uses also make them different from each other, but both are important for the existence of life on this planet.


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