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Difference Between affect and effect in English Grammar

Affect vs Effect | What is the difference between Affect and Effect?

Difference Between Effect and Affect

Affect and Effect are two words that are always confusing in the usage of them in English grammar.  Affect and Effect are two closely related words, for example see the following sentence:

“we were all deeply affected when the government effected a tax increase.”

Primarily the word effect is a noun (meaning outcome or consequences) and affect is a verb (meaning to transform or to change). When you affect something, you produce an effect on it. See the following examples:

“How will the election affect the economy of a country? What effect it will have on the economy? I do not see how that is affecting the economy of a country.”

“Do not allow this incident to affect your decision.” “What effect did this incident have on your decision?”

The word effect may occasionally used as a verb and there are rare situations where affect is used as a noun. The word effect, when used as verb means to execute, produce, or accomplish something, as in the following sentences.

“The election at last effected the change the people had been hoping for.”

“Martin Luther King Jr effected a change in the thinking of the American people.”

Affect is used as a noun primarily by psychologists to refer to feelings and desires as factors in thought or conduct. The patient exhibited a flat affect, responding to no stimuli.

The easiest way to remember the difference between affect and effect is to remember that affect is a verb and effect is a noun.

“The rains affected the commuters worst, and the effect was that most of them reached home late that night.”

“The untimely death of his mother affected his performance to the effect that he failed his semester exams.”


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