Pollination vs Fertilization
Pollination and fertilization are two ways of producing offspring, although the former is only applicable to some plants while the latter is applicable to almost every living things in this world. While one can state the many differences between pollination and fertilization, it is better if we take a closer look at them first.
Pollination is a way of reproduction for flowering plants. The word comes from the word pollen, which is basically the sperm of the plant. The pollen makes contact with the plant’s stigma and then the fertilization process starts. It is basically what sex is to plants. The process of pollination was actually discovered in the 18th century by a man named Christian Sprengel.
Fertilization is the joining of gametes together in order to produce an offspring. The female egg will be fertilized by a male sperm and this will lead to the creation of a child, be it for animals or for plants. For flowers, this only happens when there is successful fusion of male and female gametes. Basically fertilization occurs not only in animals but in plants as well.
Difference between Pollination and Fertilization
Pollination and fertilization are different through the fact that pollination leads to fertilization. Pollination is just the process of transferring the pollen to the stigma. This can be done through either self pollination, or cross pollination. Cross pollination is when there are outside agents, like animals, people or the wind, to facilitate the transfer of pollen to stigma. While pollination also only applies to flowering plants, as they are the only ones producing pollen. Fertilization applies to almost everyone in nature and there can be no fertilization if there is no pollination.
Pollination and fertilization are two natural acts in the plant and in the animal kingdom. Just keep in mind that pollination will lead to fertilization and fertilization does not only apply to plants alone.
• Pollination is a process flowering plants only undergo. It is the transfer of pollen to the plant’s stigma. The process can be done by the plant itself or through outside agents.
• Fertilization is basically the joining of sperm and egg. For flowering plants, there can be no fertilization if there is no pollination. However, fertilization applies to almost every organism in this world.