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Difference Between SAP and ORACLE


The acronym SAP stands for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing. SAP is an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software that integrates several business applications, which are designed for specific business areas. Today, many large corporations such as IBM and Microsoft use SAP products for running their businesses. Oracle database (simply referred to as Oracle) is an Object Relational Database Management System (ORDBMS) that supports a large range of platforms. Oracle DBMS is available in different versions ranging from versions for personal use and enterprise class versions.

What is SAP?

SAP, which stands for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing, is an ERP software that integrates several business applications. SAP allows real time management and tracking of sales, productions, finance, accounting and human resources in an enterprise. Traditionally, information systems used in businesses maintained separate systems for managing different business processes like production, sales and accounting. Each of the systems maintained their own databases and interactions between the systems were done in a scheduled manner. In contrast, SAP maintains a single information system for the enterprise and all the applications access common data. Applications interact with each other when real business events occur. For example, when events in sales and productions occur, accounting is done automatically. Sales can see when the production can be delivered, etc., thus the whole SAP system is designed to work in real time. SAP is a very complicated system and it runs on a fourth generation programming language called Advanced Business Application Programming (ABAP).

What is ORACLE?

Oracle is an ORDBMS produced by the Oracle Corporation. It can be used in large enterprise environments as well as for personal use. Oracle DBMS is made up of the storage and at least one instance of the application. An instance is made up of processes of the operating system and memory structure that work with the storage. In Oracle DBMS, data is accessed using SQL (Structured Query Language). These SQL commands can be embedded in other languages or could be executed directly as scripts. Furthermore, it can execute stored procedures and functions by invoking them using PL/SQL (procedural extension to SQL developed by Oracle Corporation) or other object oriented languages such as Java. Oracle uses a two level mechanism for its storage. First level is a logical storage organized as tablespaces. Tablespaces are made up of memory segments which in turn are made up of more extents. Second level is the Physical storage made up of data files.

What is the difference between SAP and ORACLE?

SAP is a complex ERP software that integrates several business applications, while Oracle is a ORDBMS that could be used in enterprise environments. SAP allows real time management and tracking of sales, productions, finance, accounting and human resources in an enterprise, while Oracle DBMS can be used to manage data in the enterprise. SAP is developed to be used with many database systems and it includes interfaces for Oracle as well. During the initial SAP installation, Oracle can be defined as the database that is going to be used and then the SAP system will issue SQL commands that are compatible with the Oracle DBMS.


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