Christianity vs Catholicism
Christianity is the religion having faith on Jesus Christ and his teachings. Catholicism is a branch of Christianity. The other divisions of Christianity are Protestant and Eastern Orthodox Churches.
It is well known that Catholicism is a branch of Christianity. Christians and one of the branches Catholics have many things common to them as far as their religious understanding goes. They show some differences too between them in a few other concepts.
Catholicism believes in seven sacraments, namely, Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Marriage, Ordination, Reconciliation and Anointing of the sick. Christianity, especially, Protestantism accepts only two sacraments, namely, Baptism and Eucharist.
Catholicism thinks that it is only due to the Christ’s will that there are three kinds of minister in the church. They are bishops, priests and deacons. Protestants among the Christians do not accept priests and bishops but they have deacons. Most Christian churches are characterized by the presence of pastors.
Catholicism says that honor and respect can be bestowed on the saints depending upon their fidelity to Christ. They in fact do not pray to the saints but on the contrary would ask the saints to bless and pray for them. The Protestants do not believe in asking the saints to pray since they firmly think that Christ alone is able to intercede with God.
The greatest saint for Catholics is Mary. Mary is the mother of Jesus. Catholicism believes that Mary was holy. Protestant Christians on the contrary think that Mary was entirely human and hence not holy. Catholics thus assume that Mary was led to heaven immediately after her death whereas Protestants believe that she Mary’s body was buried.
Purgatory is not a place but an experience according to Catholicism. Protestants among the Christians do not accept the concept of purgation. They say that any soul for that matter would go to heaven or hell after the death of the person.
According to Catholics, the Bishop of Rome, namely, the Pope is the spiritual leader of the church. Protestant Christians differ in this regard. They do not accept Pope as spiritual leader of the church.
Catholicism believes that the Pope is absolutely infallible. The Protestants of Christianity do not believe that the Pope is infallible. Finally Catholicism believes in allowing non-Catholics to receive Holy Communion. Any baptized person is allowed to receive Holy Communion according to the Protestant Christians.