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Difference Between Christianity and Catholicism

Christianity vs Catholicism

Christianity is the religion having faith on Jesus Christ and his teachings. Catholicism is a branch of Christianity. The other divisions of Christianity are Protestant and Eastern Orthodox Churches.

It is well known that Catholicism is a branch of Christianity. Christians and one of the branches Catholics have many things common to them as far as their religious understanding goes. They show some differences too between them in a few other concepts.

Catholicism believes in seven sacraments, namely, Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Marriage, Ordination, Reconciliation and Anointing of the sick. Christianity, especially, Protestantism accepts only two sacraments, namely, Baptism and Eucharist.

Catholicism thinks that it is only due to the Christ’s will that there are three kinds of minister in the church. They are bishops, priests and deacons. Protestants among the Christians do not accept priests and bishops but they have deacons. Most Christian churches are characterized by the presence of pastors.

Catholicism says that honor and respect can be bestowed on the saints depending upon their fidelity to Christ. They in fact do not pray to the saints but on the contrary would ask the saints to bless and pray for them. The Protestants do not believe in asking the saints to pray since they firmly think that Christ alone is able to intercede with God.

The greatest saint for Catholics is Mary. Mary is the mother of Jesus. Catholicism believes that Mary was holy. Protestant Christians on the contrary think that Mary was entirely human and hence not holy. Catholics thus assume that Mary was led to heaven immediately after her death whereas Protestants believe that she Mary’s body was buried.

Purgatory is not a place but an experience according to Catholicism. Protestants among the Christians do not accept the concept of purgation. They say that any soul for that matter would go to heaven or hell after the death of the person.

According to Catholics, the Bishop of Rome, namely, the Pope is the spiritual leader of the church. Protestant Christians differ in this regard. They do not accept Pope as spiritual leader of the church.

Catholicism believes that the Pope is absolutely infallible. The Protestants of Christianity do not believe that the Pope is infallible. Finally Catholicism believes in allowing non-Catholics to receive Holy Communion. Any baptized person is allowed to receive Holy Communion according to the Protestant Christians.


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  • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_4ED6SKE22N7I7M7SXPIGNHWVGE emma

    Wrong Catholics DO NOT allow non-Christians to take the host (eucarist), they can get a blessing to participate in the ritual but are NOT allowed to break bread if they are not practicing Catholics.

  • Mz.Understood

    This is all just such a silly argument since NO mere mortal human, including priests and the like, know God’s mind. I am willing to bet that NONE of these religions that think only THEY know what is right and will be ‘saved’ and everyone else is damned are even close to what is ACTUALLY God’s plan. Just silly if it weren’t for the fact that SO many hate and die over their religious beliefs!

  • Cat Steppings

    Emma is right, the Catholic church does not allow non-Catholics to receive communion, only Catholics who have received the Eucharist sacrament called “First Communion”, usually at an early age, roughly age 7 (though adults coming into the faith late can receive the sacrament of course after Baptism or Confirmation).

    Of course, if a non-Catholic is visiting a Catholic church service, and they go up to the altar to receive communion during the service with everybody else, they will not be turned away or refused the Eucharist, but the Church asks that non-Catholics refrain from taking the Eucharist and just get a blessing during the communion portion of the service, or the visitor can stay in their seat to pray or sing (there is usually a hymn during this portion).

    Even practicing Catholics are not supposed to receive communion, if they have been living in a state of sin for any period of time, and have not been to Confession with a priest in long time, or not been attending Mass regularly.

    ****In short, you can take communion in the Church as a non-Catholic if you want to, but just know that you aren’t supposed to do it, out of respect for the beliefs of the Church.

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