Difference Between Democracy and Republic

Democracy vs Republic

 

There is a wealth of difference between the two terms, democracy, and Republic. Democracy can be explained as a government of masses. It is interesting to note that direct expression is the underlying factor in democracy. The election of public officials by the people is the underlying factor in a republic. This is the main difference between democracy and republic. Through this article let us examine the differences that can be seen between a democracy and republic.

What is Democracy?

In short it can be said that democracy is the direct rule of people. A democracy is characterized by the rule of the majority. A democracy is characterized by the form of government where supreme power lies with the people that can exercise it during elections. In spite of all these basic differences, it is surprising to note that at times both these terms, republic and democracy are used in the same sense. Now let us move on to the word republic.

Difference Between Democracy and Republic

What is Republic?

Republic is the standard form of government. The standard form of government of a republic applies to almost all the republic countries of the world. A republic is a form of government, and it involves the election of an executive, a legislative body, a judiciary to uphold justice in the country and the recognition of individual rights. A republic has a chief of state at the helm of affairs, and he can usually be the President.

It has to be firmly remembered that in both democracy and republic the government is elected by the people. The main difference is that in the case of democracy the majority rules, whereas in a Republic the Government rules according to law. Both of them are governed by constitution too. In a republic, the government rules according to the law prescribed by men of caliber. In a democracy, Mobocracy prevails. Mobocracy can be defined as political control by a mob. These are the main difference between democracy and republic. Now let us summarize the difference as follows.

Democracy vs Republic

What is the Difference Between Democracy and Republic?

Definitions of Democracy and Republic:

Democracy: Democracy is the direct rule of the people

Republic: Republic is characterized by the standard form of government.

Characteristics of Democracy and Republic:

Rule:

Democracy: Democracy is characterized by the rule of the majority.

Republic: A government rules according to law.

Power:

Democracy: In a Democracy the power lies in the people.

Republic: In a republic the power lies in laws that have been created.

Mobocracy:

Democracy: Mobocracy prevails in Democracy.

Republic: Mobocracy cannot be seen.

 

Image Courtesy:

1.”Election MG 3455” by Rama – Own work. [CC BY-SA 2.0] via Wikimedia Commons

2.”Place de la République – Marianne” by Coyau / Wikimedia Commons. [CC BY-SA 3.0] via Wikimedia Commons