Fermentation vs Respiration
Fermentation and Respiration are usual terminologies in the field of biology and a common phenomenon as well. However, apart from sharing the same branch of science, these two processes surely have more dissimilarities.
Fermentation happens during anaerobic condition. As a result, sugars are metabolized primarily to effervescent fatty acids. Since it doesnt require any oxygen, it utilizes glucose as a reactant and then produces ATP and other compound products. During the primary fermentation, sugars which is composed of maltose and glucose are converted to ethanol, lactate and carbon dioxide. It produces less energy since it produces energy directly from glucose.
Respiration is the production of energy that comes from glucose or from another organic chemical after it is released from its chemical bonds due to a molecular breakdown. The energy is then used for other physiological functions such as muscle contraction and electrical impulses. It is a very efficient method of generating energy since respiration produces several ATP in a single glucose molecule.
Difference between Fermentation and Respiration
These two processes creates energy that are derived from a glucose molecule. Fermentation creates the energy without needing oxygen which hastens the growth of micoorganisms, therefore gradually changing the characteristic of the molecule by the action of enzymes. Respiration on the other hand, requires oxygen in order to create the energy from sugar, this in turn makes the sugar go through glycolisis to produce a pyruvat. This pyruvate then undergoes cellular changes where it passes through different procedures and then produce ATP as an end result.
Both are needed to create energy in a molecular level and that they are essential not just in our everyday physiological function but also in other methods as well that needs these processes.
• Fermentation happens during anaerobic condition. As a result, sugars are metabolized primarily to effervescent fatty acids.
• Respiration is the production of energy that comes from glucose or from another organic chemical after it is released from its chemical bonds due to a molecular breakdown.