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Home > Language > Grammar > Its and It’s in English Grammar Compared

Difference Between Its and It’s in English Grammar

Its vs It’s in English Grammar

Its and It’s are used differently since their meanings too change in usage. Its is used as the possessive or in the genitive case form of the personal pronoun ‘it’. In fact ‘it’ is the personal pronoun in the third person.

Look at the sentences

1. The lion entered into its den.

2. The tree emanates fragrance through its flowers.

In both the sentences mentioned above the word ‘its’ is used as the possessive case form of the personal pronoun ‘it’.

The word “it’s” on the other hand is the short form of the two words ‘it is’. In other words it can be said that the two words ‘it’ and ‘is’ can be shortened as it’s as in the sentences.

1. It’s easy to reach the place

2. The teacher says it’s not difficult to by heart the poem.

In both the sentences mentioned above the word it’s is used as the shortened form of the two words ‘it’ and ‘is’.

The personal pronoun ‘it’ is used in affirmative sentences too as in “It is raining.” Here the word ‘it’ is used in the affirmative sentence. It is interesting to note that the same sentence can be written also as “It’s raining”. Here the two words ‘it’ and ‘is’ are shortened as “it’s”.

It is important to note that the personal pronoun ‘it’ is used both as a subject and as an object. Loot the sentences given below:

1. It smells good.

2. You can see it here.

In the first sentence the word ‘it’ is used as a subject whereas in the second sentence the personal pronoun ‘it’ is used as an object. In other words it can be said that the word ‘it’ is used in the accusative case in the second sentence. The usage of “it’s” is widely seen in the English language.


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Related posts:

  1. Difference Between This and It in English Grammar
  2. Difference Between They and Them in English Grammar
  3. Difference Between This and That in English Grammar
  4. Difference Between There and Their in English Grammar
  5. Difference Between Which and In Which in English Grammar

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