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Difference Between This and That in English Grammar

This vs That in English Grammar

This and That are two words that are to be used with great care and precision when it comes to their usage in writing and speaking.

The word ‘this’ is used as a demonstrative pronoun to indicate an object or a thing which is near. On the other hand the word ‘that’ is used as a demonstrative pronoun to indicate an object or a thing which is far.

In other words it can be said that the word ‘this’ is used to indicate something within the range of one’s sight, whereas the word ‘that’ on the other hand is used to indicate something not within the range of one’s sight. Look at the two sentences

1. Look at this horse.

2. It is easy to cross that river.

In the first sentence you can see that the word ‘this’ is used as a demonstrative pronoun regarding a horse that is within the range of one’s vision. In the second sentence the word ‘that’ is used as a demonstrative pronoun to represent a river that may or may not be within the range of one’s vision. This is one of the main differences in the usage of the two words ‘this’ and ‘that’.

It is interesting to note that the words ‘this’ and ‘that’ can also be used as adjectives in a different manner such as “This fruit tastes good” and “It is easy to sing that song”. In both the sentences the words ‘this’ and ‘that’ are used distinctly as adjectives.

As a matter of fact the word ‘this’ is used in the affirmative sentences too as “This is right”. In fact both these words are used together in expressions such as ‘this and that’. All said and done one has to be really careful while using the words ‘this’ and ‘that’.


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Related posts:

  1. Difference Between This and It in English Grammar
  2. Difference Between They and Them in English Grammar
  3. Difference Between Here and There in English Grammar
  4. Difference Between Here and Hear in English Grammar
  5. Difference Between There and Their in English Grammar

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